AuthorBurgoon, Judee K.
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Commun Family Studies & Human Dev
Univ Arizona, Res, Ctr Management Informat
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherSAGE PUBLICATIONS INC
CitationBurgoon, J. K. (2018). Predicting Veracity From Linguistic Indicators. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 37(6), 603–631. https://doi.org/10.1177/0261927X18784119
Rights© The Author(s) 2018
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractAmple scientific research has confirmed significant linguistic differences between truthful and deceptive discourse in both laboratory and field experiments. That literature is reviewed, followed by presentation of an experiment that tested the effects of veracity on a wide array of linguistic indicators and tested which effects were moderated by motivation and modality. A 2 (veracity: truthful/deceptive) x 2 (incentives: high/low) x 3 (modality: FtF/audio/text) factorial experiment revealed that linguistic indicators of quantity, immediacy, vividness/dominance, specificity, complexity, diversity, and hedging/uncertainty were all affected by veracity, and veracity interacted with motivation in the latter four cases. Only personalism and affect failed to differ between truth and deception. Modality also affected language use but did not interact with veracity. Four linguistic indicators together successfully classified 76% of text-based deception and 76% to 78% of truthful responses from text, audio, and face-to-face interaction. The importance of context in predicting linguistic patterns is emphasized.
VersionFinal accepted manuscript
SponsorsU.S. Air Force Office of Scientific Research [F49620-01-1-0394]; Center for Identification Technology Research (University of Arizona Site), a National Science Foundation Industry/University Cooperative Research Center [IIP-1068026]