Is there a context-dependent advantage of extra-pair mating in Tree Swallows?
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherAMER ORNITHOLOGISTS UNION
CitationAmos Belmaker, Kelly K. Hallinger, Rebecca A. Glynn, Mark F. Haussmann, David W. Winkler; Is there a context-dependent advantage of extra-pair mating in Tree Swallows?, The Auk: Ornithological Advances, Volume 135, Issue 4, 1 October 2018, Pages 998–1008, https://doi.org/10.1642/AUK-18-3.1
RightsCopyright © 2018, Oxford University Press
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractThe "good-genes'' hypothesis to explain female extra-pairmating states that females benefit from this behavior by acquiring better genes for their offspring. Despite extensive research, results are mixed, and the predictions of the good-genes hypothesis have beenmet in fewer than half of published papers. One possible explanation for this lack of consensus is that the benefits of extra-pair copulation are context-dependent. Here we use chick size, the probability of fledging, and telomeres, the protective caps of chromosomes, as markers for individual quality. Telomere length (TelL) integrates across many stressors and covaries with probability of survival and reproductive success. To test whether benefits to extra-pair (EP) matings are context-dependent we look at the telomere length of extra-pair and within-pair offspring (EPO and WPO, respectively) reared either in experimentally enlarged broods or in broods left at their natural size. We predicted that EPO would have longer telomeres than WPO, and that this difference would be more pronounced among nutritionally limited nestlings reared in enlarged broods. Contrary to our predictions, EP status did not predict chick size or TelL of nestlings reared in either treatment group. EPO from enlarged broods had a higher probability of fledging than similarly reared WPO, but this effect was only seen after a separate analysis per group and not in the full model. Even though these results give mixed support to the good-genes hypothesis they also highlight the difficulty in choosing the proper metric and context.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsCornell Lab of Ornithology; Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology; Andrew W. Mellon Student research Grants at Cornell University; Sigma Xi; Society for Integrative and comparative Biology; American Ornithologists' Union; NSF LTREB grants [DEB-0717021, DEB 1242573]