Employment insecurity and sleep disturbance: Evidence from 31 European countries
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Sch Sociol
Univ Arizona, Dept Psychiat
MetadataShow full item record
CitationMai QD, Hill TD, Vila‐Henninger L, Grandner MA. Employment insecurity and sleep disturbance: Evidence from 31 European countries. J Sleep Res. 2019;28:e12763. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsr.12763
JournalJOURNAL OF SLEEP RESEARCH
Rights© 2018 European Sleep Research Society.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractFor nearly half a century, jobs have become increasingly characterized by employment insecurity. We examined the implications for sleep disturbance with cross-sectional data from the European Working Conditions Survey (2010). A group of 24,553 workers between the ages of 25 and 65 years in 31 European countries were asked to indicate whether they suffered from "insomnia or general sleep difficulties" in the past 12 months. We employed logistic regression to model the association between employment insecurity and sleep disturbance for all countries combined and each individual country. For all countries combined, employment insecurity increased the odds of reporting insomnia or general sleep difficulties in the past 12 months. Each unit increase in employment insecurity elevated the odds of sleep disturbance by approximately 47%. This finding was remarkably consistent across 27 of 31 European countries, including Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Turkey and UK. These results persisted with adjustments for age, gender, immigrant status, household size, partnership status, number of children, child care, elder care, education, earner status, precarious employment status, workplace sector, workplace tenure and workplace size. Employment insecurity was unrelated to sleep disturbance in four European countries: Malta, Poland, Portugal and Romania. Our research continues recent efforts to reveal the human costs associated with working in neoliberal postindustrial labour markets. Our analyses contribute to the external validity of previous research by exploring the impact of employment insecurity across European countries.
Note12 month embargo; published online: 29 August 2018
VersionFinal accepted manuscript
SponsorsNIMHD NIH HHS [R01 MD011600]
- Regional employment and individual worklessness during the Great Recession and the health of the working-age population: Cross-national analysis of 16 European countries.
- Authors: Niedzwiedz CL, Thomson KH, Bambra C, Pearce JR
- Issue date: 2020 Dec
- Centenarians in Europe.
- Authors: Teixeira L, Araújo L, Jopp D, Ribeiro O
- Issue date: 2017 Oct
- Social isolation, physical inactivity and inadequate diet among European middle-aged and older adults.
- Authors: Delerue Matos A, Barbosa F, Cunha C, Voss G, Correia F
- Issue date: 2021 May 15
- Job insecurity and health: a study of 16 European countries.
- Authors: László KD, Pikhart H, Kopp MS, Bobak M, Pajak A, Malyutina S, Salavecz G, Marmot M
- Issue date: 2010 Mar
- Legislation of direct-to-consumer genetic testing in Europe: a fragmented regulatory landscape.
- Authors: Kalokairinou L, Howard HC, Slokenberga S, Fisher E, Flatscher-Thöni M, Hartlev M, van Hellemondt R, Juškevičius J, Kapelenska-Pregowska J, Kováč P, Lovrečić L, Nys H, de Paor A, Phillips A, Prudil L, Rial-Sebbag E, Romeo Casabona CM, Sándor J, Schuster A, Soini S, Søvig KH, Stoffel D, Titma T, Trokanas T, Borry P
- Issue date: 2018 Apr