Tobacco Residue On Archaeological Pipes: Analysis Via Solid-Phase Microextraction Gas Chromatography – Mass Spectrometry
cultural heritage science
gas chromatography – mass spectrometry
Solid phase microextraction
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction, presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractCurrent methods of residue analysis in the fields of archaeological science and cultural heritage science mostly rely on destructive sampling methods that often damage objects of cultural heritage. Tobacco residues found on an archaeological object may contain insights into the object’s use in antiquity, even impacting its legal status under the Native American Graves Repatriation and Protection Act. However, museum or legal limitations on destructive sampling often prevent curators and conservators from carrying out any analysis. In addition, contamination is a concern for any residue analysis, especially for items that have been in a museum for decades or centuries. By conducting a series of experimental analyses that included documented archaeological collections from the Arizona State Museum, we have developed a non-destructive method for the detection of tobacco residue. Solid-phase microextraction (SPME) in combination with widely-available gas chromatography – mass spectrometry (GCMS), was used to successfully detect nicotine as a biomarker in tobacco residues from three of the museum pipes.
Degree ProgramGraduate College
Materials Science & Engineering