AuthorAltschul, Drew M
Hopkins, William D
Herrelko, Elizabeth S
King, James E
Ross, Stephen R
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Dept Psychol
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherELIFE SCIENCES PUBLICATIONS LTD
CitationeLife 2018;7:e33781 DOI: 10.7554/eLife.33781
Rights© Copyright Altschul et al. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at email@example.com.
AbstractLife history strategies for optimizing individual fitness fall on a spectrum between maximizing reproductive efforts and maintaining physical health over time. Strategies across this spectrum are viable and different suites of personality traits evolved to support these strategies. Using data from 538 captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) we tested whether any of the dimensions of chimpanzee personality - agreeableness, conscientiousness, dominance, extraversion, neuroticism, and openness - were associated with longevity, an attribute of slow life history strategies that is especially important in primates given their relatively long lives. We found that higher agreeableness was related to longevity in males, with weaker evidence suggesting that higher openness is related to longer life in females. Our results link the literature on human and nonhuman primate survival and suggest that, for males, evolution has favored the protective effects of low aggression and high quality social bonds.
NoteOpen access journal
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsJapan Society for the Promotion of Science [25118005, 25290082, D-1007]; Kyoto University Supporting program for interaction-based initiative team studies (SPIRITS); Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology [16H06283, 18310152, 21310150]; Medical Research Council [MR/K026992/1]; Daiwa Anglo-Japanese Foundation Small Grant [6515/6818]; University Of Edinburgh Development Trust Small Project Grant; National Institutes of Health Grants to the Yerkes Primate Research Center [NS-36605, NS-42867, RR 00165]; Leo S. Guthman Fund; Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Core-to-core CCSN
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