AuthorKrasting, John P.
Stouffer, Ronald J.
Griffies, Stephen M.
Hallberg, Robert W.
Malyshev, Sergey L.
Samuels, Bonita L.
Sentman, Lori T.
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Dept Geosci
General circulation models
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherAMER METEOROLOGICAL SOC
CitationKrasting, J. P., Stouffer, R. J., Griffies, S. M., Hallberg, R. W., Malyshev, S. L., Samuels, B. L., & Sentman, L. T. (2018). Role of Ocean Model Formulation in Climate Response Uncertainty. Journal of Climate, 31(22), 9313-9333.
JournalJOURNAL OF CLIMATE
Rights© Copyright 2018 American Meteorological Society (AMS).
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at email@example.com.
AbstractOceanic heat uptake (OHU) is a significant source of uncertainty in both the transient and equilibrium responses to increasing the planetary radiative forcing. OHU differs among climate models and is related in part to their representation of vertical and lateral mixing. This study examines the role of ocean model formulation-specifically the choice of the vertical coordinate and the strength of the background diapycnal diffusivity K-d-in the millennial-scale near-equilibrium climate response to a quadrupling of atmospheric CO2. Using two fully coupled Earth system models (ESMs) with nearly identical atmosphere, land, sea ice, and biogeochemical components, it is possible to independently configure their ocean model components with different formulations and produce similar near-equilibrium climate responses. The SST responses are similar between the two models (r(2) = 0.75, global average similar to 4.3 degrees C) despite their initial preindustrial climate mean states differing by 0.4 degrees C globally. The surface and interior responses of temperature and salinity are also similar between the two models. However, the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) responses are different between the two models, and the associated differences in ventilation and deep-water formation have an impact on the accumulation of dissolved inorganic carbon in the ocean interior. A parameter sensitivity analysis demonstrates that increasing the amount of K-d produces very different near-equilibrium climate responses within a given model. These results suggest that the impact of the ocean vertical coordinate on the climate response is small relative to the representation of subgrid-scale mixing.
Note6 month embargo; published online: 29 October 2018
VersionFinal published version