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dc.contributor.advisorCampbell, Ashley
dc.contributor.advisorSlack, Marion
dc.contributor.authorIsemede, Tosan
dc.contributor.authorFrent, Adina
dc.contributor.authorZehri, Sumaiyya
dc.date.accessioned2019-05-03T19:48:51Z
dc.date.available2019-05-03T19:48:51Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/632191
dc.descriptionClass of 2018 Abstracten_US
dc.description.abstractSpecific Aims: To determine whether there is a relationship between factors related to vitamin D and depression in pharmacy students. Methods: A questionnaire was administered to subjects that included questions regarding history of vitamin D levels, diet, supplementation, sun exposure, the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), and demographic information. Students were classified as adequate or inadequate in vitamin D. Based on PHQ-9 scores, subjects were placed into different severity categories of depression. Chi-square test was performed to determine whether inadequate vitamin D levels were associated with depression. Main Results: The questionnaire was completed by 218 subjects; 96 males and 122 females (71.6% were ≤26 years old). Approximately 74% of subjects failed to meet the RDA recommendation of 600 units of vitamin D per day through diet and/or supplementation. The average amount of vitamin D consumed from diet alone by all subjects was 1125 ± 1644.15 units/week. There was a significant difference in the amount of vitamin D obtained from diet between the first-year students compared to the second-year students (p= 0.008). Although there was not a significant difference in depression (any severity) between those who had inadequate versus adequate vitamin D consumption (p= 0.56), 4 (6.6%) of first-year students were categorized as having severe depression whereas none of the second and third-year students fell into this category. Conclusions: Although results from this study did not demonstrate a relationship between inadequate vitamin D consumption and depressive symptoms, almost 30 students were classified as at least moderately-depressed, suggesting the possible need for further interventions.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author.en_US
dc.subjectVitamin Den_US
dc.subjectsupplementsen_US
dc.subjectsun exposureen_US
dc.subjectdepressionen_US
dc.subjectdieten_US
dc.subjectpharmacy studentsen_US
dc.subject.meshVitamin Den_US
dc.subject.meshDepressionen_US
dc.subject.meshStudents, Pharmacyen_US
dc.subject.meshDietary Supplementsen_US
dc.subject.meshSunlighten_US
dc.titleThe Association Between Factors Related to Vitamin D and Depression in Future Pharmacistsen_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Reporten_US
dc.contributor.departmentCollege of Pharmacy, The University of Arizonaen_US
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item is part of the Pharmacy Student Research Projects collection, made available by the College of Pharmacy and the University Libraries at the University of Arizona. For more information about items in this collection, please contact Jennifer Martin, Associate Librarian and Clinical Instructor, Pharmacy Practice and Science, jenmartin@email.arizona.edu.en_US


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