Ashby, David S.
Active Support System
Actuator Calibration System
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherSPIE-INT SOC OPTICAL ENGINEERING
CitationFrancisco Aguayo, Dave Ashby, Erich Bugueno, Barbara Fischer, John Ford, Peter Gray, Michael Gusick, Anthony Hebert, Zaven Kechichian, Trupti Ranka, Dev Sharma, Jose Soto, Hector Swett, Divya Thanasekaran, Frank Tian, and Abhijit Wadhavkar "GMT M1 subsystem: status, design and testing", Proc. SPIE 10700, Ground-based and Airborne Telescopes VII, 1070036 (6 July 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2312937; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2312937
Rights© (2018) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE).
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AbstractThis paper describes the design, status, and test program for the Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT) Primary Mirror Subsystem (M1). It consists of the mirror cells, positioning system, support systems, and thermal control system. The seven 8.4m mirror segments are excluded from this paper because they are considered a separate subsystem of the M1 System. The M1 Subsystem leverages heritage design of similar telescope systems; for example, the Magellan telescopes and the Large Binocular Telescope. The M1 Subsystem incorporates pneumatic force actuators, hardpoints, and a thermal control ventilation system. Design developments have been introduced to address the challenging levels of performance and unique requirements needed by the GMT telescope. Imaging goals necessitate an increase in mirror support performance, figure control, and higher-levels of thermal control. Additionally, there are challenges associated with matching and tracking the relative position of the seven mirror segments for mirror phasing. The design of the static support system needs to protect the mirrors from loads transmitted through the structure during an earthquake. Finally, the telescope design with interchangeable off-axis mirror cells necessitate mirror cells and support components that function under any range of gravitational vector orientations. A full-scale Test Cell prototype is being constructed including production versions of mirror cell components to test and validate the M1 subsystem design. A Mirror Simulator will be used with the Test Cell to validate the M1 Control System. Later, a primary mirror segment will be used with the Test Cell to perform optical tests at the University of Arizona.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsGMTO Corporation; Astronomy Australia Ltd; Australian National University; Carnegie Institution for Science; Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute; Sao Paulo Research Foundation; Smithsonian Institution; University of Chicago; University of Texas at Austin; University of Arizona; Arizona State University; Texas AM University; Harvard University