Family Perceptions: Measuring Beliefs About Whether Gender Roles Are Transmitted From Parents To Children
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
AbstractPrior research has examined perceptions of adults who violate gender stereotypes and shown on numerous occasions that these adults are at risk for receiving social and economic repercussions in the form of perceptual evaluations. However, research has yet to address whether the negative judgements of and backlash against gender nonconforming adults will be transferred onto perceptions of their children. The current study investigates how adults perceive children belonging to non-traditional (i.e., gender non-stereotypical parental roles) and traditional households by showing adults illustrations of these ostensible children within the family context. Results show that parents belonging to non-traditional families were generally perceived in accordance with backlash theory. The non-traditional mother received higher rating of perceived success, but lower rating of perceived morality in comparison to their non-violating other. While the non-traditional father was perceived as more likable but less successful then the non-traditional mother and received lower rating of success in comparison to their non-violating other. These findings did not extend to children in the way that was originally hypothesized, and instead non-traditional children received ratings similarly to children with traditional parents but received a boost in perceived success and likelihood to pursue counter stereotypical occupations.