Relationship Between Story Gist And Narrative Production In Individuals With Stroke-Related Aphasia
AuthorMorrison, Alexis Ann
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
AbstractThis study investigated, in detail, the speech characteristics of 10 patients diagnosed with stroke-related aphasia and 18 healthy age-matched control participants. Data was gathered on participants’ narrative discourse production using the Cinderella story. The narratives were analyzed for grammaticality, morphosyntactic features, and complexity. Data was also gathered on patients’ production of the main concepts of the narrative to determine their abilities to convey story gist. To analyze the relationships between cognition and narrative production, gathered data was compared to scores on cognitive and language tasks. The results showed that patients with aphasia had discourse that was reduced in complexity and had fewer narrative features. Various narrative features were positively correlated with the production of main concepts. These findings reflect how speech deficits impair the ability to convey story gist. The findings of this study support previous research on patients with stroke-related aphasia, which also showed difficulties in narrative discourse production linked to a reduction in the informativeness of the discourse.