PublisherThe University of Arizona.
AbstractHomelessness is a condition where individuals lack housing, shelter and accommodations that are essential for a standard quality of life. It is widely prevalent in the United States where the homeless population resorts to the streets and shelters for a roof over their heads; they have to rely on soup kitchens and dumpsters for nutrition. They have minimal access to medical attention and limited resources for transportation and employment. These factors were assessed in a comprehensive literature review conducted through Pubmed, Scopus, and EBSCOhost databases for analysis of various mental and physical health disorders like respiratory, cardiovascular issues, malnutrition, sexually transmitted infections, post-traumatic stress disorder and depression that are prevalent in the homeless communities of the United States. Overall, I found that homelessness poses as a risk factor for several physical and mental health ailments.