On the Probabilistic Shaping and Geometric Shaping in Optical Communication Systems
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Dept Elect & Comp Engn
optical fiber communication
quadrature amplitude modulation
MetadataShow full item record
CitationZ. Qu and I. B. Djordjevic, "On the Probabilistic Shaping and Geometric Shaping in Optical Communication Systems," in IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 21454-21464, 2019. doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2897381
Rights© 2019 IEEE
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AbstractWe introduce and compare typical shaping schemes suitable for optical communications. The geometrically shaped-quadrature amplitude modulation (GS-QAM) formats are characterized by the non-equidistant spacing of constellation points, transmitted uniformly, and applied to improve system capacity. On the other hand, the well-known constant composition distribution matcher (CCDM) is applied for the generation of probabilistically shaped QAM (PS-QAM) formats. Mutual information (MI) is used as a metric to analyze the performances of regular/GS/PS-MQAM formats. In a linear amplified spontaneous emission noise limited region, it can be proved by the numerical simulation that MI performances of the GS-8/16QAM are always better than regular 8/16QAM and PS-8/16QAM; the largest shaping gains can be separately reached by PS-32QAM and GS-32QAM. We continue with the experimental demonstration on the 16QAM-based transmission system, and find that GS-16QAM generally has the best MI performance. We also find that the modulation-dependent nonlinear noises of the GS-8/16/32QAM are comparable to that of the regular 8/16/32QAM and generally lower than PS-8/16/32QAM. By using the enhanced Gaussian noise model, we observe that the GS-8/16QAM formats have better performances than regular 8/16QAM and PS-8/16QAM over multi-span transmission. Meanwhile, PS-32QAM formats provide superior performance over a relatively long transmission distance.
NoteOpen access journal.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsMURI Program, Office of Naval Research (ONR) [N00014-13-1-0627]