High guayule rubber production with subsurface drip irrigation in the US desert Southwest
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Agr & Biosyst Engn
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
CitationHunsaker, D. J., Elshikha, D. M., & Bronson, K. F. (2019). High guayule rubber production with subsurface drip irrigation in the US desert Southwest. Agricultural water management, 220, 1-12.
JournalAGRICULTURAL WATER MANAGEMENT
RightsCopyright © Elsevier B.V.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractGuayule is being produced for natural rubber in US desert areas, where irrigation requirements are high. Improved irrigation practices and methods are required to increase guayule yields and reduce its water use. Presently, there is no information available on guayule produced using subsurface drip irrigation (SDI). Therefore, we conducted an SDI guayule field study in 2012-2015 in Maricopa, Arizona, US. The objectives were to evaluate guayule dry biomass (DB), rubber yield (RY), and crop evapotranspiration (ETc) responses to water application level, and to compare these results to previously reported guayule irrigation studies. Guayule seedlings were transplanted in the field in October 2012 at 0.35-m spacing, in 100-m long rows, spaced 1.02 m apart. The field had 15, 8-row wide plots (5 irrigation treatments x 3 replicates). Irrigation treatments were imposed in a randomized complete block design starting in May 2013. Irrigation scheduling was based on the measured soil water depletion percentage (SWDp) of a fully-irrigated treatment, defined as 100% ETc replacement, and maintained at similar or equal to 20-35% SWDp . The other treatments received 25%, 50%, 75%, and 125% of irrigation applied to the 100% treatment on each day of irrigation. Destructive samples for dry biomass, rubber, and resin contents were periodically taken from each plot between February and November of each year until the guayule was bulk-harvested in March 2015. Results indicated ETc, DB, and RY increased with total water applied (irrigation + rain), which varied between treatments from 2080 to 4900 mm for the 29-month growing season. Final dry biomass and rubber yields of 61.2 Mg/ha and 3430 kg/ha, respectively, were achieved with the highest irrigation treatment level (125%) and these yields were significantly higher than those under all other irrigation levels. All SDI irrigation treatments except for the lowest 25% level had rubber yields from 24 to 200% greater than the maximum RY achieved under a companion surface irrigation study conducted simultaneously in Maricopa.
Note24 month embargo; published online: 24 April 2019
VersionFinal accepted manuscript
SponsorsBiomass Research and Development Initiative Competitive Grant [2012-10006-19391 OH]