Optical Studies of Collagen Crosslinking, Angiogenesis and Matrix Metalloproteinases
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction, presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractA blood circulatory system (vasculature) is an essential structure in multicellular organisms for distribution of oxygen and nutrients. Angiogenesis, the formation and growth of new blood vessel sprouts from existing vessels, is the process by which additional vascular elements are formed from an initial vascular structure. During angiogenesis, endothelial cells are stimulated to exhibit migratory and proliferative phenotypes, leading to the formation of new vessel sprouts. Sprouting endothelial cells degrade their basement membrane by production of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs ). In an effort to understand the role of certain MMPs during the sprouting process, the rat fat microvessel fragment 3D model of angiogenesis was used to immunostain for the presence ofMMP-2, MMP-9 and MTl-MMP at several stages of the sprouting process.