Chemical Abundances of Main-sequence, Turnoff, Subgiant, and Red Giant Stars from APOGEE Spectra. II. Atomic Diffusion in M67 Stars
Prieto, C. Allende
Smith, Verne V.
García-Hernández, D. A.
Johnson, J. A.
Majewski, Steve R.
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Steward Observ
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PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
CitationDiogo Souto et al 2019 ApJ 874 97
Rights© 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
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AbstractChemical abundances for 15 elements (C, N, O, Na, Mg, Al, Si, K, Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, and Ni) are presented for 83 stellar members of the 4 Gyr old solar-metallicity open cluster M67. The sample contains stars spanning a wide range of evolutionary phases, from G dwarfs to red clump stars. The abundances were derived from near-IR (lambda 1.5-1.7 mu m) high-resolution spectra (R = 22,500) from the SDSS-IV/Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE) survey. A 1D local thermodynamic equilibrium abundance analysis was carried out using the APOGEE synthetic spectral libraries, via chi(2) minimization of the synthetic and observed spectra with the qASPCAP code. We found significant abundance differences (similar to 0.05-0.30 dex) between the M67 member stars as a function of the stellar mass (or position on the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram), where the abundance patterns exhibit a general depletion (in [X/H]) in stars at the main-sequence turnoff. The amount of the depletion is different for different elements. We find that atomic diffusion models provide, in general, good agreement with the abundance trends for most chemical species, supporting recent studies indicating that measurable atomic diffusion operates in M67 stars.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNational Aeronautics and Space Administration [16-XRP16_2-0004]; State Research Agency (AEI) of the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities (MCIU); European Regional Development Fund (FEDER) [AYA2017-88254-P]; Crafoord Foundation; Stiftelsen Olle Engkvist Byggmastare; Ruth och Nils-Erik Stenbacks stiftelse; Alfred P. Sloan Foundation; U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science; Center for High-Performance Computing at the University of Utah; Brazilian Participation Group; Carnegie Institution for Science; Carnegie Mellon University; Chilean Participation Group; French Participation Group; Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics; Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias; The Johns Hopkins University; Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (IPMU)/University of Tokyo; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Leibniz Institut fur Astrophysik Potsdam (AIP); Max-Planck-Institut fur Astronomie (MPIA Heidelberg); Max-Planck-Institut fur Astrophysik (MPA Garching); Max-Planck-Institut fur Extraterrestrische Physik (MPE); National Astronomical Observatory of China; New Mexico State University; New York University; University of Notre Dame; Observatorio Nacional/MCTI; The Ohio State University; Pennsylvania State University; Shanghai Astronomical Observatory; United Kingdom Participation Group; Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico; University of Arizona; University of Colorado Boulder; University of Oxford; University of Portsmouth; University of Utah; University of Virginia; University of Washington; University of Wisconsin; Vanderbilt University; Yale University