No Evidence for Enhanced [O iii] 88 μm Emission in a z ∼ 6 Quasar Compared to Its Companion Starbursting Galaxy
Strauss, Michael A.
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Steward Observ
quasars: emission lines
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
CitationFabian Walter et al 2018 ApJL 869 L22
JournalASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS
Rights© 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
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AbstractWe present Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array band 8 observations of the [O III] 88 mu m line and the underlying thermal infrared continuum emission in the z = 6.08 quasar CFHQS J2100-1715 and its dust-obscured starburst companion galaxy (projected distance: similar to 60 kpc). Each galaxy hosts dust-obscured star formation at rates >100 M-circle dot yr(-1), but only the quasar shows evidence for an accreting 10(9) M-circle dot black hole. Therefore we can compare the properties of the interstellar medium in distinct galactic environments in two physically associated objects, similar to 1 Gyr after the big bang. Bright [O III] 88 mu m emission from ionized gas is detected in both systems; the positions and linewidths are consistent with earlier [C II] measurements, indicating that both lines trace the same gravitational potential on galactic scales. The [O III] 88 mu m/far-infrared (FIR) luminosity ratios in both sources fall in the upper range observed in local luminous infrared galaxies of similar dust temperature, although the ratio of the quasar is smaller than in the companion. This suggests that gas ionization by the quasar (expected to lead to strong optical [0 III] 5008 angstrom emission) does not dominantly determine the quasar's FIR [O III] 88 mu m luminosity. Both the inferred number of photons needed for the creation of O++ and the typical line ratios can be accounted for without invoking extreme (top-heavy) stellar initial mass functions in the starbursts of both sources.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsERC ; National Science Foundation [AST-1614213]; National Science Foundation of China