With All Deliberate Speed: The Reversal of Court-Ordered School Desegregation, 1970–2013
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PublisherUNIV CHICAGO PRESS
CitationFiel, J. E., & Zhang, Y. (2019). With All Deliberate Speed: The Reversal of Court-Ordered School Desegregation, 1970–2013. American Journal of Sociology, 124(6), 1685-1719.
JournalAMERICAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY
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AbstractThe retrenchment of court-ordered school desegregation has been more variable and incomplete than often acknowledged, challenging common accounts that blame changes in federal policy and legal precedent. This study supplements these accounts by examining local factors that influenced whether and when desegregation orders were dismissed between 1970 and 2013. After accounting for federal policy changes and districts' variable success in desegregating schools, several ostensibly race-neutral organizational, financial, and political incentives appear to influence the survival of desegregation orders. Racial competition dynamics related to local racial composition also seem to play a role, as desegregation orders have been most vulnerable when and where black population shares surpass a tipping point of about 40%.
Note12 month embargo; 31 May 2019
VersionFinal published version