Large-scale proteomic analysis of human brain identifies proteins associated with cognitive trajectory in advanced age
AuthorWingo, Aliza P
Dammer, Eric B
Breen, Michael S
Logsdon, Benjamin A
Duong, Duc M
Troncosco, Juan C
Beach, Thomas G
Serrano, Geidy E
Reiman, Eric M
Caselli, Richard J
Lah, James J
Seyfried, Nicholas T
Levey, Allan I
Wingo, Thomas S
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherNATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
CitationWingo, A. P., Dammer, E. B., Breen, M. S., Logsdon, B. A., Duong, D. M., Troncosco, J. C., ... & Caselli, R. J. (2019). Large-scale proteomic analysis of human brain identifies proteins associated with cognitive trajectory in advanced age. Nature communications, 10(1), 1619.
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AbstractIn advanced age, some individuals maintain a stable cognitive trajectory while others experience a rapid decline. Such variation in cognitive trajectory is only partially explained by traditional neurodegenerative pathologies. Hence, to identify new processes underlying variation in cognitive trajectory, we perform an unbiased proteome-wide association study of cognitive trajectory in a discovery (n = 104) and replication cohort (n = 39) of initially cognitively unimpaired, longitudinally assessed older-adult brain donors. We find 579 proteins associated with cognitive trajectory after meta-analysis. Notably, we present evidence for increased neuronal mitochondrial activities in cognitive stability regardless of the burden of traditional neuropathologies. Furthermore, we provide additional evidence for increased synaptic abundance and decreased inflammation and apoptosis in cognitive stability. Importantly, we nominate proteins associated with cognitive trajectory, particularly the 38 proteins that act independently of neuropathologies and are also hub proteins of protein co-expression networks, as promising targets for future mechanistic studies of cognitive trajectory.
NoteOpen access journal
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsAccelerating Medicine Partnership for AD [U01AG046161, U01 AG061357]; Emory Alzheimer's Disease Research Center [P50 AG025688]; NINDS Emory Neuroscience Core [P30 NS055077]; intramural program of the National Institute on Aging (NIA); Alzheimer's Association; Alzheimer's Research UK; Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Research; Weston Brain Institute Biomarkers Across Neurodegenerative Diseases Grant ; National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke [U24 NS072026]; National Institute on Aging [P30 AG19610]; Arizona Department of Health Services ; Arizona Biomedical Research Commission [4001, 0011, 05-901, 1001]; [R01 AG056533]; [R01 AG053960]; [U01 MH115484]; [I01 BX003853]; [IK2 BX001820]; [R01 AG061800]; [R01 AG057911]
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