Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorRyckman, Kirssa Cline
dc.date.accessioned2019-08-13T23:01:28Z
dc.date.available2019-08-13T23:01:28Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.citationRyckman, K. C. (2019). A Turn to Violence: The Escalation of Nonviolent Movements. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 0022002719861707.en_US
dc.identifier.issn0022-0027
dc.identifier.doi10.1177/0022002719861707
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/633824
dc.description.abstractNonviolent resistance can be a powerful tool for ordinary civilians to transform their governments; however, not all nonviolent movements end in success and many ultimately escalate into violent conflicts. To understand this escalatory process, I begin with the premise that social movements are not unitary actors but a collection of groups with varied preferences on goals and tactics. I argue that escalation is likely when movements have violence-wielding groups among their varied factions, as these groups deal in violence, believe in its utility, and can make the strategic decision to engage in violence as needed. I argue this is particularly likely when the campaign fails to make progress using nonviolent channels, suggesting that nonviolent tactics will not be successful to achieve the group’s goals. Expectations are tested using the Nonviolent and Violent Campaigns and Outcomes data and the case of Algeria’s escalation from a nonviolent movement to brutal civil war, and results are generally supportive.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherSAGE Publications Incen_US
dc.rights© The Author(s) 2019. Article reuse guidelines: sagepub.com/journals-permissions DOI: 10.1177/0022002719861707journals.sagepub.com/home/jcr.en_US
dc.subjectdomestic politicsen_US
dc.subjectinternal armed conflicten_US
dc.subjectnonviolent campaignsen_US
dc.subjectescalationen_US
dc.subjectprotesten_US
dc.subjectrepressionen_US
dc.titleA Turn to Violence: The Escalation of Nonviolent Movementsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniv Arizona, Sch Govt & Publ Policyen_US
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Conflict Resolutionen_US
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at repository@u.library.arizona.edu.en_US
dc.eprint.versionFinal accepted manuscripten_US
dc.source.beginpage002200271986170
refterms.dateFOA2019-08-13T23:01:28Z


Files in this item

Thumbnail
Name:
Ryckman_2019.pdf
Size:
571.2Kb
Format:
PDF
Description:
Final Accepted Manuscript

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record