Nature of Faint Radio Sources in GOODS-North and GOODS-South Fields. I. Spectral Index and Radio–FIR Correlation
AuthorGim, Hansung B.
Yun, Min S.
Owen, Frazer N.
Miller, Neal A.
Lowenthal, James D.
Hughes, David H.
Morrison, Glenn E.
AffiliationUniv Arizona, LBT Observ
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
CitationGim, H. B., Yun, M. S., Owen, F. N., Momjian, E., Miller, N. A., Giavalisco, M., ... & Morrison, G. E. (2019). Nature of Faint Radio Sources in GOODS-North and GOODS-South Fields. I. Spectral Index and Radio–FIR Correlation. The Astrophysical Journal, 875(2), 80.
RightsCopyright © 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
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AbstractWe present the first results from the deep and wide 5 GHz radio observations of the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey (GOODS)-North (sigma = 3.5 mu Jy beam(-1), synthesized beam size theta = 1.'' 47 x 1.'' 42, and 52 sources over 109 arcmin(2)) and GOODS-South (sigma = 3.0 mu Jy beam(-1), theta = 0.'' 98 x 0.'' 45, and 88 sources over 190 arcmin(2)) fields using the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array. We derive radio spectral indices alpha between 1.4 and 5 GHz using the beam-matched images and show that the overall spectral index distribution is broad even when the measured noise and flux bias are considered. We also find a clustering of faint radio sources around alpha = 0.8, but only within S-5 GHz < 150 mu Jy. We demonstrate that the correct radio spectral index is important for deriving accurate rest-frame radio power and analyzing the radio-FIR correlation, and adopting a single value of alpha = 0.8 leads to a significant scatter and a strong bias in the analysis of the radio-FIR correlation, resulting from the broad and asymmetric spectral index distribution. When characterized by specific star formation rates, the starburst population (58%) dominates the 5 GHz radio source population, and the quiescent galaxy population (30%) follows a distinct trend in spectral index distribution and the radio-FIR correlation. Lastly, we offer suggestions on sensitivity and angular resolution for future ultra-deep surveys designed to trace the cosmic history of star formation and AGN activity using radio continuum as a probe.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsConacyt project [FDC-2016-1848]