The Intraseasonal and Interannual Variability of Arctic Temperature and Specific Humidity Inversions
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Dept Atmospher Sci
Arctic Oscillation (AO)
Arctic Dipole (AD)
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CitationYu, L., Yang, Q., Zhou, M., Zeng, X., Lenschow, D. H., Wang, X., & Han, B. (2019). The Intraseasonal and Interannual Variability of Arctic Temperature and Specific Humidity Inversions. Atmosphere, 10(4), 214.
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AbstractTemperature and humidity inversions are common in the Arctic's lower troposphere, and are a crucial component of the Arctic's climate system. In this study, we quantify the intraseasonal oscillation of Arctic temperature and specific humidity inversions and investigate its interannual variability using data from the Surface Heat Balance of the Arctic (SHEBA) experiment from October 1997 to September 1998 and the European Centre for Medium-Range Forecasts (ECMWF) Reanalysis (ERA)-interim for the 1979-2017 period. In January 1998, there were two noticeable elevated inversions and one surface inversion. The transitions between elevated and surface-based inversions were associated with the intraseasonal variability of the temperature and humidity differences between 850 and 950 hPa. The self-organizing map (SOM) technique is utilized to obtain the main modes of surface and elevated temperature and humidity inversions on intraseasonal time scales. Low (high) pressure and more (less) cloud cover are related to elevated (surface) temperature and humidity inversions. The frequency of strong (weak) elevated inversions over the eastern hemisphere has decreased (increased) in the past three decades. The wintertime Arctic Oscillation (AO) and Arctic Dipole (AD) during their positive phases have a significant effect on the occurrence of surface and elevated inversions for two Nodes only.
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SponsorsNational Key Research and Development Program of China [2017YFE0111700]; Opening Fund of Key Laboratory of Land Surface Process and Climate Change in Cold and Arid Regions, CAS [LPCC2018001, LPCC2018005]; Opening fund of State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Science [SKLCS-OP-2019-09]; U.S. National Science Foundation