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dc.contributor.authorMusharraf, Sadia
dc.contributor.authorBauman, Sheri
dc.contributor.authorAnis-Ul-Haque, Muhammad
dc.contributor.authorMalik, Jamil Ahmad
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-05T00:49:50Z
dc.date.available2019-09-05T00:49:50Z
dc.date.issued2019-05-14
dc.identifier.citationMusharraf S, Bauman S, Anis-ul-Haque M and Malik JA (2019) General and ICT Self-Efficacy in Different Participants Roles in Cyberbullying/Victimization Among Pakistani University Students. Front. Psychol. 10:1098. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01098en_US
dc.identifier.issn1664-1078
dc.identifier.pmid31139126
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01098
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/634072
dc.description.abstractThe study examines both general and Internet and Communication Technology (ICT) self-efficacy in cyber-victims, cyber-bullies, and cyber bully victims in comparison to un-involved students. Gender differences were also examined. A total of 1115 Pakistani university students from six universities participated in the study. Analyses were conducted on 950 complete cases (371 males, and 579 females). Data were collected on cyberbullying/victimization, general self-efficacy (GSE), ICT self-efficacy, traditional bullying/victimization, ICT usage, social desirability, and demographics. Multinomial logistic regression analysis indicated that ICT self-efficacy significantly decreased the probability of being a cyber-victim and significantly increased the chances of being a cyber-bully whereas GSE appeared to have no role in predicting participant roles in cyberbullying after controlling for covariates (i.e., age, gender, traditional bullying, traditional victimization, social desirability, Internet usage, time spent on the Internet, and social networking sites (SNS). Findings of the study have important implications for developing and enhancing interventions with respect to the inclusion of ICT related skills in anti-cyberbullying programs. With respect to gender, findings showed that females reported a higher level of victimization while males reported higher perpetration on both traditional and cyberbullying.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherFRONTIERS MEDIA SAen_US
dc.rightsCopyright © 2019 Musharraf, Bauman, Anis-ul-Haque and Malik. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY).en_US
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectICT self-efficacyen_US
dc.subjectPakistanen_US
dc.subjectcyber victimizationen_US
dc.subjectcyberbullyingen_US
dc.subjectgeneral self-efficacyen_US
dc.subjecttraditional bullyingen_US
dc.subjecttraditional victimizationen_US
dc.subjectuniversity studentsen_US
dc.titleGeneral and ICT Self-Efficacy in Different Participants Roles in Cyberbullying/Victimization Among Pakistani University Studentsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniv Arizona, Disabil & Psychoeduc Studiesen_US
dc.identifier.journalFRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGYen_US
dc.description.noteOpen access journal.en_US
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at repository@u.library.arizona.edu.en_US
dc.eprint.versionFinal published versionen_US
dc.source.journaltitleFrontiers in psychology
refterms.dateFOA2019-09-05T00:49:50Z


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Copyright © 2019 Musharraf, Bauman, Anis-ul-Haque and Malik. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY).
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Copyright © 2019 Musharraf, Bauman, Anis-ul-Haque and Malik. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY).