Highly structured disk around the planet host PDS 70 revealed by high-angular resolution observations with ALMA
van Boekel, R.
Williams, J. P.
Bertrang, G. H.-M.
Pérez, L. M.
AffiliationObserv, Dept Astron
Keywordsstars: individual: PDS 70
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherEDP SCIENCES S A
CitationKeppler, M., Teague, R., Bae, J., Benisty, M., Henning, T., Van Boekel, R., ... & Facchini, S. (2019). Highly structured disk around the planet host PDS 70 revealed by high-angular resolution observations with ALMA. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 625, A118.
JournalASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS
RightsCopyright © M. Keppler et al. 2019. Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Open Access funding provided by Max Planck Society.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractContext. Imaged in the gap of a transition disk and found at a separation of about 195 mas (similar to 22 au) from its host star at a position angle of about 155 degrees, PDS 70 b is the most robustly detected young planet to date. This system is therefore a unique laboratory for characterizing the properties of young planetary systems at the stage of their formation. Aims. We aim to trace direct and indirect imprints of PDS 70 b on the gas and dust emission of the circumstellar disk in order to study the properties of this similar to 5 Myr young planetary system. Methods. We obtained ALMA band 7 observations of PDS 70 in dust continuum and (CO)-C-12(3-2) and combined them with archival data. This resulted in an unprecedented angular resolution of about 70 mas (similar to 8 au). Results. We derive an upper limit on circumplanetary material at the location of PDS 70 b of similar to 0.01 M-circle plus and find a highly structured circumstellar disk in both dust and gas. The outer dust ring peaks at 0.65 '' (74 au) and reveals a possible second unresolved peak at about 0.53 '' (60 au). The integrated intensity of CO also shows evidence of a depletion of emission at similar to 0.2 '' (23 au) with a width of similar to 0.1 '' (11 au). The gas kinematics show evidence of a deviation from Keplerian rotation inside less than or similar to 0.8 '' (91 au). This implies a pressure gradient that can account for the location of the dust ring well beyond the location of PDS 70 b. Farther in, we detect an inner disk that appears to be connected to the outer disk by a possible bridge feature in the northwest region in both gas and dust. We compare the observations to hydrodynamical simulations that include a planet with different masses that cover the estimated mass range that was previously derived from near-infrared photometry (similar to 5-9 M-Jup). We find that even a planet with a mass of 10 M-Jup may not be sufficient to explain the extent of the wide gap, and an additional low-mass companion may be needed to account for the observed disk morphology.
NoteOpen access article
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsALMA [2015.1.00888]; European Union ; NSF [AST-1514670]; NASA [NNX17AE31G]; ANR of France [ANR-16-CE31-0013]; Advanced Research Computing at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor; Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province of China [BK20181513]; Natural Science Foundation of China ; ESO Fellowship; DISCSIM project ; European Research Council [ERC-2013-ADG]; Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) [016, Veni.192.233]; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union ; CONICYT project Basal [AFB-170002]; FONDECYT Iniciacion project ; DFG [SPP 1992, MU 4172/1-1]