CO (J = 1–0) Observations toward Filamentary Molecular Clouds in the Galactic Region with l = [169.°75, 174.°75], b = [−0.°75, 0.°5]
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Dept Astron
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PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
CitationFang Xiong et al 2019 ApJ 880 88
RightsCopyright © 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
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AbstractWe present observations of the CO isotopologues (12CO, 13CO, and C18O) toward the Galactic region with 169fdg75 ≤ l ≤ 174fdg75 and −0fdg75 ≤ b ≤ 0fdg5 using the Purple Mountain Observatory 13.7 m millimeter-wavelength telescope. Based on the 13CO (J = 1 − 0) data, we find five molecular clouds within the velocity range between −25 and 8 km s−1 that are all characterized by conspicuous filamentary structures. We have identified eight filaments with a length of 6.38–28.45 pc, a mean H2 column density of 0.70 × 1021–6.53 × 1021 cm−2, and a line mass of 20.24–161.91 M ☉ pc−1, assuming a distance of ~1.7 kpc. Gaussian fittings to the inner parts of the radial density profiles lead to a mean FWHM width of 1.13 ± 0.01 pc. The velocity structures of most filaments present continuous distributions with slight velocity gradients. We find that turbulence is the dominant internal pressure to support the fragmentation of filaments instead of thermal pressure. Most filaments have virial parameters smaller than 2; thus, they are gravitationally bound. Four filaments have an LTE line mass close to the virial line mass. We further extract dense clumps using the 13CO data and find that 64% of the clumps are associated with the filaments. According to the complementary IR data, most filaments have associated Class II young stellar objects. Class I objects are mainly found to be located in the filaments with a virial parameter close to 1. Within two virialized filaments, 12CO outflows have been detected, indicating ongoing star-forming activity therein.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNational Key Research & Development of China [2017YFA0402702]; European Unions Horizon 2020 research and innovation program ; NSFC [11473069, 11503086, 11629302]