Safety and Efficacy of Stent-assisted Coiling in the Treatment of Unruptured Wide-necked Intracranial Aneurysms: A Single-center Experience
Brasiliense, Leonardo B
Cortez, Gustavo M
Hanel, Ricardo A
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Neurosurg
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CitationAguilar-Salinas P, Brasiliense L B, Santos R, et al. (June 06, 2019) Safety and Efficacy of Stent-assisted Coiling in the Treatment of Unruptured Wide-necked Intracranial Aneurysms: A Single-center Experience. Cureus 11(6): e4847. doi:10.7759/cureus.4847
RightsCopyright © 2019 Aguilar-Salinas et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 3.0., which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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AbstractIntroduction: Wide-necked intracranial aneurysms (IAs) are complex lesions that may require different microsurgical or endovascular strategies, and stent-assisted coiling (SAC) has emerged as a feasible alternative to treat this subset of aneurysms. Methods: The objective was to assess the rate of complications of unruptured wide-necked IAs treated with SAC. We retrospectively identified patients with unruptured wide-necked IAs treated with SAC. Medical charts, procedure reports, and imaging studies were analyzed. Results: One hundred twenty patients harboring 124 unruptured wide-necked IAs were included. Ninety-two aneurysms (74.2%) were located in the anterior circulation. The median aneurysm size was 7 mm (IQR = 5-10). The immediate complete aneurysm occlusion rate was 29% (36/124). The rate of procedural complications was 3.3 % (4/120), which included 2 intraprocedural aneurysm ruptures, 1 immediate postprocedure aneurysm rupture, and 1 vessel occlusion rescued with an open-cell stent. The median follow-up time was 21 months (IQR = 10.3-40.9). Kaplan-Meier analysis estimated a median time of complete aneurysm occlusion of 6.3 months (95%CI = 3.8-7.8). At 30-day follow-up, 80.7% of patients had a Glasgow Outcome Score (GOS) of 5 and at the latest follow-up 83.9%. Imaging follow-up was available for 102 patients. The rate of complete aneurysm occlusion was 73.5% (75/102), severe in-stent stenosis (>50%) was found in 1% (1/102), the recanalization rate was 6.6% (5/75), and the retreatment rate was 7.8% (8/102). Conclusion: SAC remains a safe and effective technique to treat wide-necked IAs, providing low rate of complications and recanalization with excellent long-term aneurysm occlusion rates.
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