How Do Mothers and Fathers Interact With Their Children After An Injury? Exploring the Role of Parental Acute Stress, Optimism, and Self-Efficacy
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Dept Psychol
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherOXFORD UNIV PRESS INC
CitationShaminka N Mangelsdorf, Matthias R Mehl, Jianrong Qiu, Eva Alisic, How Do Mothers and Fathers Interact With Their Children After An Injury? Exploring the Role of Parental Acute Stress, Optimism, and Self-Efficacy, Journal of Pediatric Psychology, Volume 44, Issue 3, April 2019, Pages 311–322, https://doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy107
JournalJOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC PSYCHOLOGY
Rights© The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society of Pediatric Psychology.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at email@example.com.
AbstractObjective In the aftermath of a child injury, children and parents can jointly experience acute stress symptoms. Optimism and self-efficacy might buffer against post-traumatic stress disorder. Knowing that children are innately receptive to parent modeling, we were interested in exploring how parent acute stress, optimism, and self-efficacy might transpire in parent-child interactions and whether any differences existed between mothers and fathers. Methods We recruited 71 families of seriously injured children who were hospitalized for at least 24hr. Parents completed self-report measures of acute stress, optimism, and self-efficacy. Children wore the Electronically Activated Recorder (EAR(2)); Mehl, M. R. . The electronically activated recorder (EAR): A method for the naturalistic observation of daily social behavior. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 26, 184-190) for a 2-day period postdischarge. The EAR recorded ambient sounds for 30s every 5min. The audio recordings were transcribed and coded. We derived a percentage of time spent with each parent (interaction time), and average ratings of the emotional tone of voice for each speaker. Results Overall, parental acute stress and self-efficacy were not associated with interaction time or emotional tone, and parents generally spent less time with older children. Compared to fathers, mothers spent significantly more time with their child, particularly for daughters, but mothers did not differ from fathers in emotional tone, acute stress, optimism, or self-efficacy. For mothers, optimism may be associated with greater interaction time and more positive emotional tone. Conclusions The present study highlighted parent gender differences in time spent with children and enabled the inclusion of more fathers using a naturalistic observational tool.
Note12 month embargo; published online: 4 January 2019
VersionFinal accepted manuscript
SponsorsNetherlands Organisation for Scientific Research [446-11-021]; National Health and Medical Research Council, Australia ; Monash University; Australian Government Research Training Program Scholarship; Victorian Government's Operational Infrastructure Support Program; Royal Children's Hospital Foundation, Melbourne; National Health and Medical Research Council, Australia (Centre of Research Excellence for Paediatric Emergency Medicine)