Urine salts elucidate Early Neolithic animal management at Aşıklı Höyük, Turkey
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Sch Anthropol
Univ Arizona, Dept Geosci
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherAMER ASSOC ADVANCEMENT SCIENCE
CitationAbell, J. T., Quade, J., Duru, G., Mentzer, S. M., Stiner, M. C., Uzdurum, M., & Özbaşaran, M. (2019). Urine salts elucidate Early Neolithic animal management at Aşıklı Höyük, Turkey. Science advances, 5(4), eaaw0038.
RightsCopyright © 2019. The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works. Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (CC BY).
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AbstractThe process of sheep and goat (caprine) domestication began by 9000 to 8000 BCE in Southwest Asia. The early Neolithic site at Asikli Hoyuk in central Turkey preserves early archaeological evidence of this transformation, such as culling by age and sex and use of enclosures inside the settlement. People's strategies for managing caprines evolved at this site over a period of 1000 years, but changes in the scale of the practices are difficult to measure. Dung and midden layers at Asikli Hoyuk are highly enriched in soluble sodium, chlorine, nitrate, and nitrate-nitrogen isotope values, a pattern we attribute largely to urination by humans and animals onto the site. Here, we present an innovative mass balance approach to interpreting these unusual geochemical patterns that allows us to quantify the increase in caprine management over a similar to 1000-year period, an approach that should be applicable to other arid land tells.
NoteOpen access journal
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsArchaeology Program grant from the NSF [BCS-1354138]
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