Study of Time Evolution of the Bend-over Energy in the Energetic Particle Spectrum at a Parallel Shock
Final Published Version
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Dept Planetary Sci & Astron
Keywordsacceleration of particles
Sun: coronal mass ejections (CMEs)
Sun: particle emission
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
CitationF.-J. Kong et al 2019 ApJ 877 97
RightsCopyright © 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at email@example.com.
AbstractShock acceleration is considered one of the most important mechanisms for the acceleration of astrophysical energetic particles. In this work, we calculate the trajectories of a large number of test charged particles accurately in a parallel shock with magnetic turbulence. We investigate the time evolution of the accelerated particle energy spectrum in the downstream of the shock, in order to understand the acceleration mechanism of energetic particles. From simulation results we obtain power-law energy spectra with a bend-over energy, E-0, increasing with time. With the particle mean acceleration time and mean momentum change during each cycle of the shock crossing from the diffusive shock acceleration model (following Drury), a time-dependent differential equation for the maximum energy, E-acc, of particles accelerated at the shock can be approximately obtained. We assume the theoretical bend-over energy as E-acc. It is found that the bend-over energy from simulations agrees well with the theoretical bend-over energy using the nonlinear diffusion theory, NLGCE-F, in contrast to that using the classic quasi-linear theory.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsStrategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences [XDA17010301]; [NNSFC 41874206]; [NNSFC 41574172]