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dc.contributor.authorGerken, LouAnn
dc.contributor.authorQuam, Carolyn
dc.contributor.authorGoffman, Lisa
dc.date.accessioned2019-10-02T18:09:28Z
dc.date.available2019-10-02T18:09:28Z
dc.date.issued2019-05-22
dc.identifier.citationLouAnn Gerken, Carolyn Quam & Lisa Goffman (2019) Adults Fail to Learn a Type of Linguistic Pattern that is Readily Learned by Infants, Language Learning and Development, 15:4, 279-294, DOI: 10.1080/15475441.2019.1617149en_US
dc.identifier.issn1547-5441
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/15475441.2019.1617149
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/634644
dc.description.abstractBeginning with the classic work of Shepard, Hovland, & Jenkins (1961), Type II visual patterns (e.g., exemplars are large white squares OR small black triangles) have held a special place in investigations of human learning. Recent research on Type II linguistic patterns has shown that they are relatively frequent across languages and more frequent than Type IV family resemblance patterns (e.g., exemplars have 2 out of 3 defining features). Research has also shown that human infants are adept at learning Type II patterns from very few exemplars, but adult learning appears to be more mixed. Because no study had directly compared adults and infants, Experiment 1 tested both groups on the same input and test stimuli. Adults at best showed weak learning of one of two Type II patterns, but infants showed robust learning of both patterns. Experiment 2 contrasted adults' ability to learn a Type II pattern with a Type IV pattern. Adults only showed learning of the latter, replicating previous research with different stimuli and testing procedures. Thus, adults are unable to learn a frequent linguistic pattern, one readily learned by infants. Implications for possible language learning differences between infants and adults are discussed.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Science Foundation [0950601, 1724842]en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTDen_US
dc.rightsCopyright © 2019 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.en_US
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.titleAdults Fail to Learn a Type of Linguistic Pattern that is Readily Learned by Infantsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniv Arizona, Dept Psycholen_US
dc.identifier.journalLANGUAGE LEARNING AND DEVELOPMENTen_US
dc.description.note12 month embargo; published online: 22 May 2019en_US
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at repository@u.library.arizona.edu.en_US
dc.eprint.versionFinal accepted manuscripten_US
dc.source.volume15
dc.source.issue4
dc.source.beginpage279-294


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