Thicker Clouds and Accelerated Arctic Sea Ice Decline: The Atmosphere‐Sea Ice Interactions in Spring
Bailey, David A.
Holland, Marika M.
DuVivier, Alice K.
Kay, Jennifer E.
Landrum, Laura L.
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Dept Hydrol & Atmospher Sci
KeywordsArctic sea ice retreat
atmospheric physical processes
cloud and radiation impact
atmosphere-sea ice coupling
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherAMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION
CitationHuang, Y., Dong, X., Bailey, D. A., Holland, M. M., Xi, B., DuVivier, A. K., et al. (2019). Thicker clouds and accelerated Arctic Sea ice decline: The atmosphere‐sea ice interactions in spring. Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 6980–6989. https://doi.org/10.1029/ 2019GL082791
JournalGEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS
RightsCopyright © 2019. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at email@example.com.
AbstractObservations show that increased Arctic cloud cover in the spring is linked with sea ice decline. As the atmosphere and sea ice can influence each other, which one plays the leading role in spring remains unclear. Here we demonstrate, through observational data diagnosis and numerical modeling, that there is active coupling between the atmosphere and sea ice in early spring. Sea ice melting and thus the presence of more open water lead to stronger evaporation and promote cloud formation that increases downward longwave flux, leading to even more ice melt. Spring clouds are a driving force in the disappearance of sea ice and displacing the mechanism of atmosphere-sea ice coupling from April to June. These results suggest the need to accurately model interactions of Arctic clouds and radiation in Earth System Models in order to improve projections of the future of the Arctic.
Note6 month embargo; published online: 19 June 2019
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNASA Earth and Space Science Fellowship program [80NSSC18K1339]; NASA CERES project through the University of Arizona [80NSSC19K0172]; National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) - National Science Foundation (NSF) ; NASA [15-CCST15-0025]; NSF [AGS-1354402, AGS-1445956]; National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration [NA16NWS4680013]; National Science Foundation