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dc.contributor.authorLanoe, Francois
dc.contributor.authorSteffen, Martina L.
dc.date.accessioned2019-10-05T01:31:57Z
dc.date.available2019-10-05T01:31:57Z
dc.date.issued2019-08-30
dc.identifier.citationStephens, L., Fuller, D., Boivin, N., Rick, T., Gauthier, N., Kay, A., ... & Denham, T. (2019). Archaeological assessment reveals Earth’s early transformation through land use. Science, 365(6456), 897-902.en_US
dc.identifier.issn0036-8075
dc.identifier.pmid31467217
dc.identifier.doi10.1126/science.aax1192
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/634688
dc.description.abstractEnvironmentally transformative human use of land accelerated with the emergence of agriculture, but the extent, trajectory, and implications of these early changes are not well understood. An empirical global assessment of land use from 10,000 years before the present (yr B.P.) to 1850 CE reveals a planet largely transformed by hunter-gatherers, farmers, and pastoralists by 3000 years ago, considerably earlier than the dates in the land-use reconstructions commonly used by Earth scientists. Synthesis of knowledge contributed by more than 250 archaeologists highlighted gaps in archaeological expertise and data quality, which peaked for 2000 yr B.P. and in traditionally studied and wealthier regions. Archaeological reconstruction of global land-use history illuminates the deep roots of Earth's transformation and challenges the emerging Anthropocene paradigm that large-scale anthropogenic global environmental change is mostly a recent phenomenon.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Science Foundation (NSF) [CNS 1125210]en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherAMER ASSOC ADVANCEMENT SCIENCEen_US
dc.rightsCopyright © 2019 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works.en_US
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.titleArchaeological assessment reveals Earth's early transformation through land useen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.eissn1095-9203
dc.contributor.departmentUniv Arizonaen_US
dc.identifier.journalSCIENCEen_US
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at repository@u.library.arizona.edu.en_US
dc.eprint.versionFinal accepted manuscripten_US
refterms.dateFOA2019-10-05T01:31:58Z


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