Rectal cancer in the young: analysis of contributing factors and surgical outcomes
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Dept Surg
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherAME PUBL CO
CitationMogor O, Ewongwo A, Ojameruaye O, Pandit V, Omesiete P, Martinez C, Hsu P, Scott A, Elquza E, Nfonsam V. Rectal cancer in the young: analysis of contributing factors and surgical outcomes. J Gastrointest Oncol 2019;10(5):896-901. doi: 10.21037/jgo.2019.05.06
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AbstractBackground: Rectal cancer (RC) among young patients (<= 50 years) is on the rise. The factors associated with development of RC are established however; factors leading to early RC remain unclear. The aim of this study was to assess factors associated with RC among young patients Methods: National estimates for patients with RC were abstracted from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database [2010-2012]. Patients were divided into two groups: young (<= 50 years) and old (>50 years) Demographic, comorbidities, procedures performed, and hospital outcomes were collected. Regression analysis was performed to compare both groups. Results: A total of 68,699 patients with RC were included. Incidence of RC among young patients increased significantly over the study period (2.4% vs. 3.4%; P=0.04). Majority of young patients with RC were white females. Bleeding was the mast common presentation among young patients (P=0.03). Younger patients were more likely to have a family history of RC (P=0.01) and were more likely to undergo elective surgery (P=0.04) and laparoscopic surgery (P=0.02) compared to the older patients. Younger patients with RC were also more likely to use alcohol (P=0.03), be obese (P=0.02) compared to elder patients. There was no difference in the other co-morbidities between the two groups. After controlling for all factors in a regression model, younger patients had a lower complication rate (P=0.01), hospital LOS (P=0.02), and mortality rate (P=0.04). Conclusions: RC in younger patients appears as a different disease with different outcomes. There appears to be multifactorial and environmental factors contributing to this trend. Race and gender also play a role in the incidence of RC in the young. Identifying these risk factors will lead to a more robust intervention plan to help improve care among younger patients with RC.
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