• Kangaroo Rats

      Sjoberg, Diana E.; Young, James A.; McAdoo, Kent; Evans, Raymond A. (Society for Range Management, 1984-02-01)
    • Kangaroos in Australian Rangelands

      Grice, A. C.; Beck, R. F. (Society for Range Management, 1994-10-01)
    • Karoobush defoliation in the arid Karoo

      Du Toit, P. C. V. (Society for Range Management, 1996-03-01)
      The relation was studied between the applied stocking rates and the degree to which sheep grazed stems of various karoobush species. A rule of thumb exists amongst farmers and research workers in the Karoo, that sheep graze stems of karoobushes with a diameter of 2 mm or less. This hypothesis was examined over a period of 3 years. The meetly grazed off stems of Pentzia spinescens Less. (doringkaroo) and Rosenia humilis (Less.) Bremer (blou perdekaroo), the most abundant forage species, were measured by sliding Vernier callipers. Estimates of grazeable dry matter, as used in the estimate of the current grazing capacity, is based on the separation of clipped dry matter into grazeable and non-grazeable material. This separation is based on the 2 mm criterion. The hypothesis that sheep voluntarily graze stems with a diameter of up to 2 mm was rejected. The stems of less palatable species are seldom grazed at 2 mm diameter, while grazed stems of paintable species are often thicker than 5 mm. It was established that sheep graze stems of the less palatable karoo bushes to a mean diameter of 1.4 to 1.6 mm. This impacts directly on the method in which dry matter production is estimated for the purposes of determining grazing capacity. The long term grazing capacity norm for this area is 30 ha large stock unit-1. Based on gain ha-1 data obtained from stocking rate trials, the grazing capacity is 33.4 ha large stock unit-1. The stocking rate: grazed stem relation yields an optimum grazing capacity figure of 32.5 ha large stock unit-1. This indicates that monitoring the grazed stems of appropriate species can be used to set grazing capacity limits or adjust stocking rates.
    • Keep an Eye on Your Keys

      Mattox, Matt (Society for Range Management, 2006-02-01)
    • Keeping Native American Communities Connected to the Land: Women as Change Agents

      Doan-Crider, Diana; Hipp, Janie Simms; Fight, Lisa Lone; Small, Valerie; Ashley, Virginia Yazzie (Society for Range Management, 2013-12-02)
      On the Ground • Native women are the fastest growing demographic among Native farmers and ranchers and have the ability, creativity, and cultural wealth to transform and restore the relationship to the land. • However, these women must be empowered in a western agricultural world that is male dominated. • Tribal self-sustainability will require changes in policies for land tenure and inclusion of women. • Native women will need to keep abreast of local and national land issues that affect our resources and that increase their knowledge and skills. • Education will give Native women and our youth the freedom to choose what is best for the future.
    • Keeping Small Horse Pastures Productive

      Stiger, Everett M. (Society for Range Management, 1994-06-01)
    • Keeping the Estate Tax

      McCann, Sean (Society for Range Management, 1999-01-01)
    • Keeping the Range in Range Cattle Production

      Banister, Ray (Society for Range Management, 1996-02-01)
    • Keeping Track of Weed Research By Computer

      Bowes, Gary; Hunter, Jim; Honey, G. K. (Society for Range Management, 1979-08-01)
    • Kentucky, Horse Capital of the World

      Sloan, Ted (Society for Range Management, 2007-08-01)
    • Key Attributes Influence the Performance of Local Weed Management Programs in the Southwest United States

      Hershdorfer, Mary E.; Fernandez-Giminez, Maria; Howery, Larry D. (Society for Range Management, 2007-05-01)
      In the southwestern United States, local weed management programs are increasingly important in weed prevention and control; however, little is known about the effectiveness of different local approaches to weed management. We surveyed coordinators of 53 local weed management programs in Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah to determine how 4 key program attributes (interagency coordination, volunteer participation, regulatory authority and enforcement, and the state in which the program was located) were related with 4 performance measures: weed control, public education and outreach, weed monitoring, and integrated weed management. Based on the responses of 42 program coordinators (79%) we found that 1) weed programs that coordinated their activities with other organizations and those with citizen volunteers conducted more monitoring, but programs that did not coordinate or use volunteers treated more of their infested acreage; 2) programs that used a light-handed regulatory approach conducted more weed control than those with more punitive enforcement regimes or no enforcement authority; and 3) Colorado programs conducted more outreach and education than did programs in the other 3 states. Thus, although volunteer involvement and interagency coordination contributed to the performance of the local weed programs studied, particularly in monitoring, they have not compensated for the lack of locally enforceable weed regulations or adequate funding. Successful weed management in southwestern United States will require adequately funded, locally adapted approaches supported by locally enforceable weed regulations. 
    • Keying In On Big Sagebrush

      Frisina, Michael R.; Wambolt, Carl L. (Society for Range Management, 2004-02-01)
      A guide for identifying the four subspecies of big sagebrush
    • Killing Ribes with 2,4-D and 2,4,5-T

      Offord, H. R. (Society for Range Management, 1949-10-01)
    • Kling Leroy Anderson: Rangeland Management Pioneer

      Owensby, Clenton (Society for Range Management, 1995-10-01)
    • Knapweed hay as a nutritional supplement for beef cows fed low-quality forage

      Bohnert, D. W.; Sheley, R. L.; Falck, S. J.; Nyman, A. A. (Society for Range Management, 2014-03)
      Advancing our ability to use invasive plants for producing commodities is central to the agricultural industry. Our objective was to evaluate Russian knapweed (Acroptilon repens "L." DC.) as a winter feed supplement for ruminant livestock. In Experiment 1, we utilized three ruminally cannulated steers in a completely randomized design to compare the ruminal degradation characteristics of alfalfa and Russian knapweed. In the second experiment, Russian knapweed and alfalfa were compared as protein supplements using 48 midgestation, beef cows (530-±-5 kg) offered ad libitum hard fescue (Festuca brevipila Tracey) straw in an 84-d study. Treatments included an unsupplemented control and alfalfa or Russian knapweed provided on an iso-nitrogenous basis. In Experiment 1, the rate and effective degradability of neutral detergent fiber was greater for alfalfa compared with Russian knapweed (P-≤-0.02). Ruminal lag time for NDF (period before measurable disappearance began) was greater for knapweed (P-=-0.03). Soluble nitrogen, rate of N degradation, rumen degradable N, and effective degradability of N were all greater for alfalfa compared with Russian knapweed (P-<-0.01). In Experiment 2, supplementation increased (P-<-0.01) cow weight gain and BCS compared to the unsupplemented control with no difference between alfalfa and Russian knapweed (P-=-0.47). There was no difference (P-=-0.60) in the quantity of straw offered between the unsupplemented cows and supplemented groups, but alfalfa fed cows were offered approximately 11% more (P-=-0.03) than Russian knapweed-fed cows. Total DM offered to cows was greater (P-<-0.01) for supplemented compared with unsupplemented cows with no difference noted between alfalfa and Russian knapweed (P-=-0.79). Russian knapweed is comparable to alfalfa as a protein supplement for beef cows consuming low-quality forage. Using Russian knapweed as a nutritional supplement can help solve two major production problems; managing an invasive weed, and providing a feedstuff that reduces an impediment in livestock production systems. © 2014 The Society for Range Management.
    • Knapweed Infestation

      Yule, Darcy A. (Society for Range Management, 1987-12-01)
    • Knapweeds: British Columbia's Undesirable Aliens

      Strang, R. M.; Lindsay, K. M.; Price, R. S. (Society for Range Management, 1979-08-01)
    • Knowing the Land: A Review of Local Knowledge Revealed in Ranch Memoirs

      Knapp, Corrine Noel; Fernandez-Giminez, Maria (Society for Range Management, 2008-03-01)
      Lack of long-term ecological monitoring presents a challenge for sustainable rangeland management in many areas of the western United States. Ranchers and other land managers have local knowledge gained from ongoing experience in specific places that could be useful for understanding ecological change and best management practices. Local knowledge is defined as knowledge gained by daily contact with the natural world and ecological processes. Unfortunately, little is known about ranchers’ local knowledge, and few studies have systematically examined the types, depth, and validity of this knowledge. Ranch memoirs offer an unexplored entry into rancher knowledge acquisition, categories, and context. In this study, we coded and analyzed eighteen ranch memoirs from the western United States to investigate the specific types, depth, and quality of local land knowledge. We found that ranchers possess knowledge of both management and ecology, and that these knowledge realms are intertwined and often inseparable. In addition to learning from experience, social interactions are an important part of rancher education and create a shared knowledge culture. In most of the memoirs, ranchers revealed very little knowledge of long-term patterns of vegetation change. In all the memoirs reviewed, ranchers articulated a deep sense of responsibility and connectedness to the landscapes they manage and steward. This review of ranch memoirs provides a framework for future studies of local knowledge by identifying how ranchers gain their knowledge of the landscapes they manage, describing some of the distinctive types of knowledge that ranchers possess, and challenging conventional classifications of rancher knowledge. 
    • Knowledge in Practice: Documenting Rancher Local Knowledge in Northwest Colorado

      Knapp, Corrine Noel; Fernandez-Gimenez, Maria E. (Society for Range Management, 2009-11-01)
      For more than 150 years, ranchers in the West have gained insight about natural systems through daily interaction and management of landscapes, but this knowledge has never been systematically documented and analyzed. We interviewed 26 ranchers from a single watershed to understand how ranchers acquire their knowledge, document what they know about rangeland ecosystems, and explore how this knowledge varies within the ranching community. This exploratory study offers insight into the types of knowledge ranchers possess without attempting to survey all rancher knowledge or ascribe this set of knowledge to all ranchers. We identified three major knowledge categories in interviews: active knowledge applied to management decisions, embedded knowledge from living in place, and integrative knowledge that links ecological, economic, and social aspects of rangeland systems. We found rancher knowledge complemented scientific knowledge in its ability to provide site-specific information on management practices and ecological responses, and insight regarding potential indicators of rangeland health. Knowledge varies widely within the ranching community, and knowledgeable ranchers are readily identified through community referrals. Ranchers gained their knowledge primarily through experience and social interactions, and this knowledge is an untapped source of context-specific information. We did find that economic constraints, social norms, and proximity to the system might limit application of knowledge to practice. There is also a danger that this accumulated and dynamic knowledge base will be lost over the next generation, as many family ranches are sold to new ranchers or for nonranching uses. Based on our findings, we propose that more dialogue within ranching communities and between ranchers and scientists may lead to more sustainable land management practices and effective outreach efforts, and could expand and strengthen the informal social networks through which much rancher knowledge is shared and on which the social sustainability of ranching communities depends.