• Management by Monitoring

      Orchard, Charles; Mehus, Chris (Society for Range Management, 2001-12-01)
    • Management Considerations to Enhance Use of Stock Ponds by Waterfowl Broods

      Rumble, M. A.; Flake, L. D. (Society for Range Management, 1983-11-01)
      Use of 36 livestock watering ponds by mallard (Anas playtrhynchos), blue-winged teal (A. discors), and total broods was tested against 32 habitat variables from 1977 and 1978. Pond size, shallow water areas with submersed vegetation, number of natural wetlands in a 1.6-km radius, and emersed vegetation composed of smartweed (Polygonum spp.) and spikerush (Eleocharis spp.) were associated with increased use of ponds by total broods. When analyzed by species, small grain on the surrounding section and height and density of shoreline vegetation were associated with increased use of ponds by mallard broods; percent of shoreline with trees and percent arrowhead (Sagittaria spp.)/water plantain (Alisma spp.) were associated with decreased use of ponds by mallard broods. Percent river bulrush (Scirpus fluviatilis)/burreed (Sparganium spp.) was associated with decreased use of ponds by blue-winged teal.
    • Management Decisions Based on Utilization—Is It Really Management?

      Sharp, Lee; Sanders, Kenneth; Rimbey, Neil (Society for Range Management, 1994-02-01)
    • Management Implications of Global Change for Great Plains Rangelands

      Morgan, Jack A.; Derner, Justin D.; Milchunas, Daniel G.; Pendall, Elise (Society for Range Management, 2008-06-01)
    • Management of Cattle Distribution

      Bailey, Derek W.; Rittenhouse, Larry R. (Society for Range Management, 1989-08-01)
    • Management of Growing-Season Grazing in the Sagebrush Steppe: A Science Review of Management Tools Appropriate for Managing Early-Growing-Season Grazing

      Burkhardt, J. W.; Sanders, K. (Society for Range Management, 2012-10-01)
      Proper livestock-grazing management and the maintenance of native shrub–bunchgrass vegetation are critical concerns throughout the Intermountain West. Lower-elevation sagebrush–steppe communities have long been used as early-spring grazing areas and are an important forage source for livestock and wildlife (Fig. 1). Protein-rich, spring forage is critically important in the reproductive cycle of all herbivores. The very short, spring growing season is also critical to maintaining healthy perennial forage plants and should be the focus of grazing management when spring grazing occurs. However, techniques commonly used by agency personnel to determine appropriate stocking rates, such as measures of use or ocular use estimates, are not appropriate or adequate methods to manage growing-season grazing. Because plant growth during the spring growing season is a constantly changing variable, these techniques do not adequately assess the effects of spring grazing. Therefore, management of spring grazing should be based on the phenology cycle of key bunchgrasses in the sagebrush plant community. 
    • Management of Juniper on Rangeland in Bosque County: Cost comparison of shearing and grubbing

      Pyssen, Allison (Society for Range Management, 2004-10-01)
      Cost comparison of shearing and grubbing.
    • Management of North Dakota's School Lands

      Brand, Michael D.; Moore, Margaret M.; Williams, Richard P. (Society for Range Management, 1988-04-01)
    • Management of Rangeland and Grazing-Determination of Stocking Rates

      Smith, Michael A. (Society for Range Management, 2000-08-01)
    • Management of Reseeded Range and its Place in Ranch Operation

      Passey, H. B.; Winn, D. S. (Society for Range Management, 1953-01-01)
    • Management of Reseeded Ranges

      Frandsen, W. R. (Society for Range Management, 1950-04-01)
    • Management of Sagebrush

      Laycock, W. A. (Society for Range Management, 1979-10-01)
    • Management of Sown And Natural Lovegrass

      Davidson, R. L. (Society for Range Management, 1965-07-01)
      In South Africa lovegrass yields liveweight cattle gains around 375 lb./acre, and it is easily managed by very heavy and continuous grazing during the growing period. Fertilizer boosts production, but is not essential on grazed pasture. For reclamation of rangeland the chloromelas type appears more aggressive than the coarser curvula and robusta types. Feeding value of lovegrass hay is at least equal to that of teff hay.
    • Management of Subterranean Clover in Pine Forested Range

      Johnson, M. K.; Davis, L. G.; Ribbeck, K. F.; Render, J. H.; Pearson, H. A. (Society for Range Management, 1986-09-01)
      Subterranean clover (Trifolium subterraneum) is a cool-season forage legume that can be grown in the southeastern United States. Available varieties grow best on well-drained sites and tolerate acid soil conditions producing adequate forage without addition of lime if soil pH is 4.8 or higher. However, at least during the first few years, annual applications of at least 50 kg/ha of P2O5 and K2O are needed to maintain good production. In addition, summer growth of competing vegetation must be removed annually in late August or early September by heavy livetock grazing, use of herbicide, or close mowing. Unlike other clovers, subterranean will reseed even if heavily grazed during the flowering stage. Initial establishment under pine timber in the Southeast can be achieved by removal of hardwoods, prescribed burning, and broadcasting freshly inoculated seed on top of the soil in late October or early November when the soil surface is wet. Production of adequate forage before mid-winter remains a problem, especially if unregulated use by deer is heavy.
    • Management of switchgrass for forage and seed production

      Brejda, J. J.; Brown, J. R.; Wyman, G. W.; Schumacher, W. K. (Society for Range Management, 1994-01-01)
      Management of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) for both forage and seed would improve the diversity of options livestock producers have for their stands. Our objective was to evaluate how timing of the forage harvest and N applications can be used to manage switchgrass for both forage and seed from the same stand. Switchgrass forage was harvested in late May (prior to stem elongation) or mid-June (early boot stage) or left uncut and treated with either a single application of 88 kg N ha-1 in the spring or 4-weeks after green-up, or split applications of 44 kg N ha-1 in the spring and 44 kg N ha-1 following defoliation. The late May harvest gave lower yields of higher quality forage whereas the mid-june harvest produced greater yields of lower quality forage. Both the late May and mid-June harvest increased total tiller density compared to uncut plots, but a mid-June harvest decreased reproductive tiller density. Application of N following defoliation increased both total tiller density and reproductive tiller density but the response was small with a mid-June harvest. A mid-June harvest reduced both seed yield and 100-seed weights all 3 years. A late May harvest reduced same-year seed yields and 100-seed weights in 1991 only, when the harvest was taken after stem elongation had initiated. Application of N following defoliation stimulated plant regrowth, enhancing same-year seed yield. Harvesting switchgrass for forage in the spring prior to stem elongation followed by a post-harvest N application of 44 kg N ha-1 allows producers to manage switchgrass for both forage and seed.
    • Management of Whitetail Deer in South Texas

      Maltsberger, W. A. (Society for Range Management, 1984-06-01)
    • Management of Wild Ungulate Habitat in the Western United States and Canada: A Review

      Scotter, G. W. (Society for Range Management, 1980-01-01)
      Conservation, use, and development of adequate habitat are probably the most important factors in wild ungulate management. As the various demands on the habitat heighten, pressure on this dwindling resource will increase. To maintain viable wild ungulate populations with high sustainable yields for the future enjoyment and use, habitat management will have to be intensified. This review discusses rehabilitation of wild ungulate habitat, modification of range and forest practices, better use of existing habitat, and manipulation of numbers and distributions of wild ungulates. The amounts and kinds of habitat needed to maintain wild ungulate populations require more long-term research and better application of existing knowledge. Determination of the requirements for a given species will demand a much better understanding of how animals select and use habitat.
    • Management optimization of dual-purpose barley (Hordeum spontaneum C. Koch) for forage and seed yield

      El-Shatnawi, Moh'd Khair J.; Al-Qurran, Louy Z.; Ereifej, Khalil I.; Saoub, Hani M. (Society for Range Management, 2004-03-01)
      Dual-purpose barley (Hordeum spontaneum C. Koch.) is a winter annual native to Southern Mediterranean regions. It is used to establish permanent pasture because it has a brittle rachis. Crude protein, crude fiber contents, and responses of dual-purpose barley to time of defoliation were investigated in the northern mountains of Jordan. Field trials were conducted in the 1999-2000 and 2000-2001 growing seasons in Samta (32 degrees 23′N, 35 degrees50′E) at an elevation of 1043 m. The highest protein contents (P ≤ 0.05) of 25% were recorded in February 2001. Protein content declined gradually and reached the lowest values (2.5%) at maturity. Clipping produced shorter plants, but did not impact tillering. Clipping individual plants on 28 February (14.3 and 10.2 g plant-1, respectively in 2000 and 2001) and 15 March (10.3 and 9.2 g plant-1, respectively in 2000 and 2001) did not reduce the plant shoot weight. Forage production from plants clipped on 28 February (2902 and 1274 kg ha-1, respective years), 15 March (1793 and 1394 kg ha-1, respectively in 2000 and 2001) and 15 April (1554 and 994 kg h-1, respectively in 2000 and 2001) were similar to forage production from unclipped plants. Clipping on 15 April inhibited seed production. Defoliation during early growth stages optimized seed yield and forage quantity and quality.
    • Management Practices Reduce Cattle Loss to Locoweed on High Mountain Range

      Ralphs, M. H.; James, Lynn F.; Nielsen, D. B.; Panter, K. E. (Society for Range Management, 1984-08-01)
    • Management Practices to Manipulate Populations of the Plant Bug Labops hesperius Uhler

      Kamm, J. A.; Fuxa, J. R. (Society for Range Management, 1977-09-01)
      Nitrogen fertilization of wheatgrass significantly increased populations of the plant bug Labops hesperius Uhler; applications of potassium and phosphorus did not. Paraquat applied to wheatgrass to cure the herbage prematurely (in early May) also reduced the population of plant bugs by starving them. Mechanical removal of herbage also effectively reduced the bug populations both in the spring and the summer. Heavy spring grazing significantly reduced the bug population the first year and also thereafter. Wheatgrass pastures that are not fully utilized will provide oviposition material, winter protection, and a habitat that favors survival of the bugs.