Browsing Radiocarbon, Volume 52, Number 3 (2010) by Authors
Spatial Distribution of ∆14C Values of Organic Matter in Surface Sediments off Saru River in Northern Japan, One Year after a Flood Event in 2006Nagao, Seiya; Irino, Tomohisa; Aramaki, Takafumi; Ikehara, Ken; Katayama, Hajime; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Uchida, Masao; Shibata, Yasuyuki (Department of Geosciences, The University of Arizona, 2010-01-01)Dispersion and deposition of terrestrial organic matter by flooding on the inner shelf were studied using C/N ratios, 13C, and ∆14C values of sedimentary organic matter. Surface sediment samples (top 2 cm) were collected from coastal areas near the Saru River in southwestern Hokkaido, northern Japan, 1 yr after a flood event in 2006. Riverine suspended solids were also collected at a fixed station downstream during 2006-2008. Sandy sediments were located at the front of the river mouth and the western part of the sampling area, with the 13C of organic matter ranging from -23.8 to -22.0, ∆14C of -655 to -388, and an organic carbon/total nitrogen (C/N) ratio of 5.9-7.7. On the other hand, silt and clay sediments were distributed in a restricted area 11-16 km from the river mouth, with lighter 13C (-26.7 to -24.1) and higher ∆14C (-240 to -77) of organic matter and C/N ratio (7.8-13.3). From end-member analysis, the apparently younger and less degraded organic matter in the silt and clay sediments consists mainly of terrestrial organic matter released by flood events. They remain in the depression, although most flood deposits were moved to deep-sea environments.