• 14C Dating of ~2500-Yr-Old Choukai Jindai Cedar Tree Rings from Japan Using Highly Accurate LSC Measurement

      Sakurai, Hirohisa; Kato, Wataru; Takahashi, Yosuke; Suzuki, Kayo; Takahashi, Yui; Gunji, Shuichi; Tokanai, Fuyuki (Department of Geosciences, The University of Arizona, 2006-01-01)
      Radiocarbon ages of 8 decadal tree rings and 66 single-yr tree rings have been measured with a highly accurate liquid scintillation counting (LSC) system (0.2% error) after synthesizing 10.5 g of benzene for each a-cellulose sample produced from tree rings of Choukai Jindai cedar in Japan (39 degrees N). The 14C ages were between 2449 and 2539 14C yr BP for the 21 samples. From the wiggle-matching of the data set using the IntCal04 (Reimer et al. 2004) calibration data in OxCal v 3.10 (Bronk Ramsey 2005), the estimated age of the outer edge of the Choukai tree rings was 477.5 BC (+/12.5 yr) with a confidence level of 95.5%; hence, the Choukai tree rings range from 2757 to 2437 cal BP. The age indicates an improved eruption date of the Choukai Volcano. The statistical errors at 1 sigma are approximately +/10 and +/7 14C yr for the 5-yr data and the decadal data from the single-yr measurements, respectively. For the interval between 2580 and 2520 cal BP, it is statistically significant that the Choukai 14C ages are ~16 14C yr older on average than both the IntCal04 and QL German oak (~50 degrees N) data sets. The ~2.0 offset is informative for the study of regional offset in the Far East.