• Balance and Behavior of Carbon Dioxide at an Urban Forest Inferred from the Isotopic and Meteorological Approaches

      Takahashi, Hiroshi Aoki; Hiyama, Tetsuya; Konohira, Eiichi; Takahashi, Atsuhiro; Yoshida, Naohiro; Nakamura, Toshio (Department of Geosciences, The University of Arizona, 2001-01-01)
      Diurnal variations in δ14C, delta-13C and the concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide in an urban forest were measured on 9 February 1999 to discriminate and quantify contributions from different CO2 sources. The biogenic CO2 concentration remained relatively constant throughout the day. However, anthropogenic CO2 concentration fluctuated with the atmospheric CO2 concentration, and seemed to be controlled by wind velocity and the amount of exhaust gases from fossil fuel burning. The vertical profiles of anthropogenic, biogenic, and total CO2 showed a constant concentration within forest during daytime because of the large vertical CO2 influx, strong winds, and neutral atmospheric condition. The biogenic contribution at night decreased from the forest floor upwards with a smooth gradient, while the anthropogenic contribution showed a direct mirror because of the location of respective CO2 sources—the vertical gradient of wind velocity and the horizontal CO2 supply