• Progress in Radiocarbon Target Preparation at the ANTARES AMS Centre

      Hua, Q.; Jacobsen, G. E.; Zoppi, U.; Lawson, E. M.; Williams, A. A.; McGann, M. J. (Department of Geosciences, The University of Arizona, 2001-01-01)
      We present routine methods of target preparation for radiocarbon analysis at the ANTARES Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) Centre, as well as recent developments which have decreased our procedural blank level and improved our ability to process small samples containing less than 200 micrograms of carbon. Routine methods of 14C sample preparation include sample pretreatment, CO2 extraction (combustion, hydrolysis and water stripping) and conversion to graphite (graphitization). A new method of cleaning glassware and reagents used in sample processing, by baking them under a stream of oxygen, is described. The results show significant improvements in our procedural blanks. In addition, a new graphitization system dedicated to small samples, using H2/Fe reduction of CO2, has been commissioned. The technical details of this system, the graphite yield and the level of fractionation of the targets are discussed.