• A Database System for Geochemical, Isotope Hydrological, and Geochronological Laboratories

      Suckow, Axel; Dumke, Ingolf (Department of Geosciences, The University of Arizona, 2001-01-01)
      We present a data model designed for laboratories in which many different methods are used. The main feature of the model is the recursive relationships of data records in the subsample table. This makes it possible to model all steps from the preparation of the sample to the final value and enables the raw data to be stored together with the final values, even if many preparation steps or many subsamples are involved. We show ways to adopt this basic model to laboratories with many years of data. The data model is extended to include laboratory records and attribute data, e.g. The geographical coordinates of the sampling site or links to the various projects for which the samples are used.
    • Preparation of Graphite Targets in the Gliwice Radiocarbon Laboratory for AMS 14C Dating

      Czernik, Justyna; Goslar, Tomasz (Department of Geosciences, The University of Arizona, 2001-01-01)
      A line for preparation of graphite targets for accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) radiocarbon dating has been built in the Gliwice 14C Laboratory. The AMS 14C measurements of our targets are performed in the Leibniz-Labor fur Altersbestimmung, Kiel, Germany. The quality of our line has been tested in two series of AMS 14C measurements of background and Ox-II standard samples and by measurements of the amount of CO2 released during combustion of sample-free quartz tubes. Most background contamination in the first series was introduced during combustion, which has been greatly reduced by baking quartz tubes vacuum-sealed with CuO and Ag. The residual contamination (ca. 1.5 micrograms C) seems to come mostly from the quartz tubes themselves. At present, most of the contamination of the background is introduced during graphitization. The reproducibility of background preparations is satisfactory, especially for samples larger than 1.5 mg, when it is better than +/0.09 pMC. Despite still significant contamination with low-14C carbon during the graphitization process (corresponding to 1.2 +/0.2% of 14C-free carbon), the good reproducibility of the results allows us to use our line in routine 14C dating.