• Radiocarbon Laboratories

      Department of Geosciences, The University of Arizona, 1997-01-01
    • Radiocarbon Releases at the Krško Nuclear Power Plant

      Vokal, Barbara; Kobal, Ivan (Department of Geosciences, The University of Arizona, 1997-01-01)
      Since 1991, radiocarbon analyses of exhaust air have been part of the regular radioactivity monitoring program at the Krško Nuclear Power Plant (NPP), a Westinghouse 632 MWe pressurized water reactor (PWR). Activity of CO2 and hydrocarbons has been identified; the former contributes ca. 43%. A normalized release of total 14C of 0.219 TBgGWe-1a-1 was obtained. Indoor air 14C concentrations in selected rooms inside the plant have generally been <5 Bq m-3, although rare peaks of >1000 Bq m-3 may be reached. Tree rings have shown slight enhanced 14C activity due to the operation of the plant.
    • Radiocarbon Updates

      Department of Geosciences, The University of Arizona, 1997-01-01
    • Radiocarbon, Volume 39, Number 3 (1997)

      Department of Geosciences, The University of Arizona, 1997-01-01
    • Study of the Parameters Affecting the Correlation of Background Versus Cosmic Radiation in CO2 Counters: Reliability of Dating Results

      Facorellis, Yorgos; Maniatis, Yannis; Kromer, Bernd (Department of Geosciences, The University of Arizona, 1997-01-01)
      Systematic treatment of the data recorded by our guard counters and corrections introduced for meteorological factors has allowed observations on solar events clearly manifested in the readings. Examples are the solar flares of March 1989 and especially of June 1991, which caused a ca. 10% decrease in the cosmic radiation flux reaching the counters. A sinusoidal variation in the cosmic-ray flux with a period of one year is also clearly manifested in the data. The observation that the background in the 14C measurements depends on the intensity of the cosmic radiation has led to the use of monthly correlations for the determination of the best background value to be used in the age calculations. This reduces the error significantly. However, various factors such as random statistical fluctuations of the background measurements may affect the slope of the correlations and consequently the calculated age of the samples. Long-term observations of the relation between background values and coincidence counts have led to constraints in the slope of the correlation. A simple extension of the fitting procedure is explored, which maintains the physically meaningful range of the slopes, but is flexible to adjust for the seasonally varying contributions to the variations of the cosmic-ray flux.
    • Subject Index Volume 39, 1997

      Department of Geosciences, The University of Arizona, 1997-01-01
    • The 14C Content of Lithium Metal Used in Benzene Synthesis

      Eastoe, C. J.; Long, A.; Tucek, C. S.; Jull, A. J. T. (Department of Geosciences, The University of Arizona, 1997-01-01)
      The lithium reagent used in the synthesis of benzene for 14C dating contributes insignificant 14C in high-precision measurements on 7 g benzene samples. Blank experiments on three different batches of lithium yielded small amounts of carbon, most of which probably originated as "memory" in the reaction vessel.
    • University of Granada Radiocarbon Dates VIII

      González-Gómez, Cecilio; Villafranca-Sánchez, Elena (Department of Geosciences, The University of Arizona, 1997-01-01)