• Comparing Long-Term Atmospheric 14C and 3H Records near Groningen, the Netherlands with Fruholmen, Norway and Izaña, Canary Islands 14C Stations

      Meijer, Harro J. A.; van der Plicht, Johannes; Gislefoss, Jorunn S.; Nydal, Reidar (Department of Geosciences, The University of Arizona, 1995-01-01)
      We present the results of the 14CO2 atmospheric monitoring station at the Smilde observation station, near Groningen, the Netherlands, a typical continental station. We compared these data, for absolute values and annual variation, with data from Fruholmen, Nordkapp, Norway and Izaña, Tenerife, Canary Islands, which are situated in areas less influenced by fossil-fuel CO2. The 20-yr Smilde record shows much seasonal variation (peak-to-trough variation is approximately 30 per mil in contrast to approximately 12 per mil for Fruholmen, and approximately 5 per mil for Izaña) and a lower overall value due to fossil-fuel consumption, in accordance with findings from similar stations in continental Western Europe. The Fruholmen and Izaña data show fairly equal mean Delta-14C levels, but differ in seasonal amplitude. This difference could be due partly to the elevation difference between the stations. The Izaña station also has a slow exchange with the ground-level air because of an inversion layer. It is speculative whether annual injection of 14C from the stratosphere also plays a role. We give the Groningen long record of tritium in precipitation, showing profound seasonality.