• Problems and Methods of Dating Low-Activity Samples by Liquid Scintillation Counting

      Arslanov, Kh A.; Tertychnaya, T. V.; Chernov, S. B. (Department of Geosciences, The University of Arizona, 1993-01-01)
      The important problem of contamination of old samples by younger 14C necessitates treatment of organic and carbonate samples to ensure more complete removal of contaminating carbon. Here we present studies of chemical procedures for the liquid scintillation method of 14C dating undertaken since 1960 in the former USSR. We discuss new procedures such as lithium carbide synthesis from charred organic samples and benzene synthesis on a V2O5.Al2O3.SiO2 catalyst, as well as memory effect in the carbide synthesis procedure and characteristics of two homemade counters.
    • The Reliability of Radiocarbon Dating Buried Soils

      Orlova, L. A.; Panychev, V. A. (Department of Geosciences, The University of Arizona, 1993-01-01)
      Variable 14C ages of paleosol organic matter (OM) cause difficulties in interpreting 14C data. We attempt to determine the reliability of OM 14C dates by examining different carbon-containing materials from soil horizons and paleosol fractions.