• Some Radiocarbon Dates for Tufas of the Craven District of Yorkshire

      Pentecost, Allan; Thorpe, P. M.; Harkness, D. D.; Lord, T. C. (Department of Geosciences, The University of Arizona, 1990-01-01)
      14C dates of relict tufa deposits at Gordale indicated a Subboreal age when the carbonate age was corrected with empirical bedrock dilution factors ‘q’ of 0.79 or 0.85. Estimates of ‘apparent age,’ based on extrapolated Delta-13C values were about twice those obtained with q, and the 1 sigma error was large. The Delta--13C values of tufa samples were not correlated with carbonate age and were close to −10. Application of q values in this district requires caution as they appear to be site-specific. We recommend that wherever possible, levels of 13C and 14C are measured in the associated tufa-depositing water, and an empirical dilution factor employed.
    • Special Report from the Glasgow International Workshop on Quality Control and Assurance

      Mook, Willem G. (Department of Geosciences, The University of Arizona, 1990-01-01)
    • Superconducting Mini-Cyclotrons as AMS Instruments

      Subotic, K. M.; Milinkovic, L. S.; Zupancic, M. T.; Novkovic, D. N.; Stojanovic, M. S. (Department of Geosciences, The University of Arizona, 1990-01-01)
      We have studied the limitations of conventional mass spectrometry and have examined accelerator based methods which could help circumvent these limitations. In particular, cyclotron-based accelerator mass spectrometric (AMS) techniques are discussed with an emphasis on evaluating performances of superconducting mini-cyclotrons designed for use as AMS instruments. We discussed the design of superconducting mini-cyclotrons dedicated to radioisotope dating research.
    • Survey of the Dispersion of 14C in the Vicinity of the UK Reprocessing Site at Sellafield

      Otlet, R. L.; Walker, A. J.; Fulker, M. J. (Department of Geosciences, The University of Arizona, 1990-01-01)
      We have been measuring 14C in natural, biological materials growing in the vicinity of Sellafield, Cumbria as a continuing project with BNFL to understand the dispersion of releases from the site over several seasons. We have measured locally grown foodstuffs for monitoring purposes, individual tree rings to establish a chronology of releases, hawthorn berries for spatial investigations and are now carrying out controlled plot uptake experiments. We have been attempting to validate a current dispersion model (Clarke 1979) over a six-year period, and although we observe general agreement in most years, certain anomalies, which probably relate to topographical features, are leading to more detailed correlation with local meteorological data.
    • Tartu Radiocarbon Dates XI

      Ilves, Evald (Department of Geosciences, The University of Arizona, 1990-01-01)
    • The Use of Radiocarbon Measurements in Atmospheric Studies

      Manning, M. R.; Lowe, D. C.; Melhuish, W. H.; Sparks, R. J.; Wallace, G.; Brenninkmeijer, C. M.; McGill, R. C. (Department of Geosciences, The University of Arizona, 1990-01-01)
      14C measured in trace gases in clean air helps to determine the sources of such gases, their long-range transport in the atmosphere, and their exchange with other carbon cycle reservoirs. In order to separate sources, transport and exchange, it is necessary to interpret measurements using models of these processes. We present atmospheric 14CO2 measurements made in New Zealand since 1954 and at various Pacific Ocean sites for shorter periods. We analyze these for latitudinal and seasonal variation, the latter being consistent with a seasonally varying exchange rate between the stratosphere and troposphere. The observed seasonal cycle does not agree with that predicted by a zonally averaged global circulation model. We discuss recent accelerator mass spectrometry measurements of atmospheric 14CH4 and the problems involved in determining the fossil fuel methane source. Current data imply a fossil carbon contribution of ca 25%, and the major sources of uncertainty in this number are the uncertainty in the nuclear power source of 14CH4, and in the measured value for delta 14C in atmospheric methane.