• Carbon Isotopes in Atmospheric CO2 of the Krakow Region: A Two-Year Record

      Kuc, Tadeusz (American Journal of Science, 1986-01-01)
      We have been measuring concentration of atmospheric CO2 and its carbon isotope composition in the Kraków region for about two years. Samples are continuously collected at two-week intervals at ca 20m above ground level, close to the center of the industrialized urban area. Sampled atmospheric CO2 is sorbed in a molecular sieve and, after recovery by heating, is converted to benzene. 14C is measured in a liquid scintillation spectrometer, and delta-13C of the CO2 is determined in a mass spectrometer. The annual record shows winter-summer variation of 14C, 13C, and CO2 concentration. A long-term trend for 1983 and 1984 indicates a slight decrease of 14C activity (122.0 in January 1983; -1.2% per year), a permanent decrease of delta-13CPDB (-9.3 per mil in January 1983; -0.3 per mil per year) and an increase of CO2 concentration (344ppm in January 1983; 1.4ppm per year).
    • Lódź Radiocarbon Dates II

      Kanwiszer, Andrzej; Trzeciak, Pawel (American Journal of Science, 1986-01-01)
    • Regional Suess Effect in the Upper Silesia Urban Area

      Awsiuk, Romuald; Pazdur, Mieczysław F. (American Journal of Science, 1986-01-01)
      The study of a regional Suess effect is based on three sets of samples of atmospheric CO2: 1) a series of samples collected at the same site in Gliwice from 1980 to 1984, 2) samples collected simultaneously at different sites within the limits of an urban and industrial region of Upper Silesia, and 3) samples collected simultaneously outside this region along an eastern direction. Results of 14C concentration measurements show systematic decrease of Delta-14C with the rate close to the corresponding value for clean air. Depletion of 14C concentration was found to be virtually the same in the whole urban area. Analysis of regional synoptic data reveals correlation of individual Delta-14C values with wind direction, frequency of calm, and vertical stability of the atmosphere.