• A Secondary Standard for Radiocarbon Dating

      Angiolini, Fernando E.; Albero, Miguel C. (American Journal of Science, 1983-01-01)
      The preparation and calibration of a secondary standard for the INGEIS Radiocarbon Dating Laboratory are presented. This standard is barium carbonate with a specific activity almost twice that of NBS oxalic acid. It was prepared from BaCO3 with high specific activity and commercial potassium carbonate by an isotopic dilution technique. The advantages of this standard are: 1) the preparation is simple and can be achieved with ordinary labware; 2) the production of CO2 by acid attack from this carbonate shows minimum isotopic fractionation. At least, it has less fractionation than wet oxidation of oxalic acid, the problems of which are described in the literature. This standard ensures better reproducibility in activity measurements; 3) despite some problems of activity exchange with atmospheric CO2 concerning carbonates, measurements of activity over a period of about two years have shown no significant deviation from the mean value. A tentative explanation of this phenomenon is also given. The activity ratio between BaCO3 and NBS oxalic acid is given with its error, and the statistical tests used in the calibration are briefly explained. Finally, a control chart for the activity of the standard over a long period is drawn, showing non-significant deviation and supporting the usefulness of this standard.
    • Stable Isotope Fractionation During Benzene Synthesis for Radiocarbon Dating

      Panarello, Hector O.; Albero, Miguel C.; Angiolini, Fernando E. (American Journal of Science, 1983-01-01)
      13C isotope analyses of different stages of benzene synthesis have been made to study partial isotope fractionation. More than 60 analyses of carbonates, charcoal, carbon dioxide, and benzene were made in a double collector mass spectrometer. In the first stage of the synthesis (conversion to carbon dioxide) little or no fractionation was observed, beyond the analytical error of the method. Later stages of the process, show a greater and systematic fractionation. The experimental techniques are described.