Kim, Taejoon; Perrins, Erik; Xiong, Guojun; Univ Kansas, Dept Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2019-10)
      Indoor localization is of particular interest due to its immense practical applications. However, the rich multipath and high penetration loss of indoor wireless signal propagation make this task arduous. Though recently studied fingerprint-based techniques can handle the multipath effects, the sensitivity of the localization performance to channel fluctuation is a drawback. To address the latter challenge, we adopt an artificial multi-layer neural network (MNN) to learn the complex channel impulse responses (CIRs) as fingerprint measurements. However, the performance of the location classification using MNN critically depends on the correlation among the training data. Therefore, we design two different decorrelation filters that preprocess the training data for discriminative learning. The first one is a linear whitening filter combined with the principal component analysis (PCA), which forces the covariance matrix of different feature dimensions to be identity. The other filter is a nonlinear quantizer that is optimized to minimize the distortion incurred by the quantization. Numerical results using indoor channel models illustrate the significant improvement of the proposed decorrelation MNN (DMNN) compared to other benchmarks.