• Control of woody plants in grazing lands on the Pacific Coast of Mexico

      Garcia-Holquin, M.; Bovey, R. W.; Schuster, J. L. (Society for Range Management, 1991-09-01)
      Greenhouse and field experiments were conducted to evaluate herbicides for control of Palma de llano (Sabal rosei Mart.), jarretaders (Acacia hindsii Benth), huinol (Acacia cymbispina Sprague & Riley), and guazima (Guazuma ulmifolia Lam.), woody species encroaching in grazing lands on the Pacific Coast of Mexico. In the greenhouse, picloram at 0.14 and 0.28 kg ae/ha killed all jarretadera, huinol, and guazima plants. Mixtures of picloram + clopyralid, dicamba, or triclopyr at 0.07 + 0.07 and 0.14 + 0.14 kg/ha also killed most plants. Trielopyr killed all huinol at 0.14 and 0.28 kg/ha but not all jarretadera or guazima. Clopyralid was effective on jarretadera and huinol but not as effective as picloram. Dicamba was ineffective on jurretadera and killed 88 to 100% of the huinol and gunzima plants at 0.28 kg/ha. The palm could not be grown in the greenhouse. In the field, foliar sprays of triclopyr or picloram st 0.4 and 0.3 g ae/L water, respectively, killed 70% or more of the jarretadera, huinol and gunzima but 77% or less of the palm. No herbicide successfully controlled jarretadera in 1988. Hexazinone applied to the soil killed 82% or more of the palm plants at 0.5 g ai/2.5 cm of stem diameter. Soil-applied tebuthiuron pellets were not effective on jarretaders or palm, but the briquettes (Brush Bullets) at 2 and 4 g/ 2.5 cm of stem diameter killed 50, 60, and 83% or more of the huinol, palm, and guazima plants, respectively.