• Technical Notes: The relationship of stocking intensity and stocking pressure to other stocking variables

      Scarnecchia, D. L. (Society for Range Management, 1985-11-01)
      Stocking intensity and stocking pressure have been defined and used as technical stocking variables describing animals on pasture. Relationships between these variables and stocking variables such as stocking density and stocking rate are discussed. One conclusion is that stocking intensity and stocking pressure are not informationally unique variables, but are equivalent to stocking variables defined in other work. Retention of the terms stocking intensity and stocking pressure is recommended for nontechnical use in describing livestock grazing.
    • The Effects of Fire on the Blackbrush (Coleogyne ramosissima) Community of Southwestern Utah

      Callison, J.; Brotherson, J. D.; Bowns, J. E. (Society for Range Management, 1985-11-01)
      Eight general study sites were examined in the blackbrush (Coleogyne ramosissima) zone of southwestern Utah in order to assess the impact of burning. All sites had been burned. Age since burning varied from 1 to 37 years. Plots were placed in burned areas with plots in adjacent unburned areas serving as controls. Sites were similar enough that definite trends were distinguishable despite between site variation. Recently burned areas were dominated by forbs, middle aged burns were dominated by grasses, and the oldest burns had reverted back to shrub dominance. Cryptogamic soils crusts were severely affected by burning and showed no signs of recovery after 19.5 years. Blackbrush was also severely affected and showed no signs of recovery after 37 years. Lack of recovery by blackbrush may be due to its paleoendemic nature. Future burning of stands of blackbrush in southwestern Utah is not recommended.
    • The Role of Fourwing Saltbush in Mined Land Reclamation: A Viewpoint

      Booth, D. T. (Society for Range Management, 1985-11-01)
      Ease of establishment by direct seeding has resulted in fourwing saltbush [Atriplex canescens (Pursh) Nutt.] becoming the principal, sometimes the only, shrub on certain revegetated mined lands in Wyoming. To prevent dense stands that might exclude other shrub species, the Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality-Land Quality Division, now limits the amount of fourwing saltbush that can be included in a reclamation seed mix. There is evidence that fourwing saltbush may aid, rather than hinder, the establishment of other shrubs. A thesis is developed for fourwing's role as a pioneer species that creates ecosystem diversity, auguments the invasion of late-succession plants, and declines in density as succession progresses. The shrub is recommended as a means to direct succession toward successful reclamation. Mine managers are cautioned that the rate of natural invasion of climax species into seeded stands of fourwing saltbush is not known.
    • Variation and Names in the Poa secunda Complex

      Kellogg, E. A. (Society for Range Management, 1985-11-01)
      The members of the Poa secunda complex were studied using transplant experiments, morphological studies of population samples, and various numerical taxonomic techniques including principal components analysis and discriminant analysis. The complex is shown to comprise 2 species: Poa curtifolia, a serpentine endemic from central Washington, and P. secunda, a widespread polymorphic rangegrass. Other forms may be recognizable locally, but do not represent separate evolutionary lines. If range managers need names for these local forms, the names should be informal English names rather than Latin binomials.
    • Viewpoints: Observations on Why Mongrels May Make Effective Livestock Protecting Dogs

      Coppinger, R. P.; Smith, C. K.; Miller, L. (Society for Range Management, 1985-11-01)