• Variability of Infiltration within Large Runoff Plots on Rangelands

      Devaurs, M.; Gifford, G. F. (Society for Range Management, 1984-11-01)
      In this study we investigated the variability of infiltration on native rangeland sites. A rainfall simulator was used to collect data on runoff from small (0.37 m2) plots located within large plot boundaries (32.5 m2). Three range sites were sampled and data were collected from unfenced, fenced, and rototilled conditions on each site. In addition data were collected on vegetation, antecedent moisture, bulk density, soil texture, and organic matter as possible explanations for variations in hydrologic response on small and large plots. The field study demonstrated large variability in measured infiltration and soil physical properties on relatively uniform rangeland sites, suggesting that inherent variability patterns need to be examined to provide appropriate confidence intervals for single parameter values that may be applied to larger areas. No set of factors consistently explained the observed variability within large plots.