• Characteristics of Oak Mottes, Edwards Plateau, Texas

      Knight, R. W.; Blackburn, W. H.; Merrill, L. B. (Society for Range Management, 1984-11-01)
      Infiltration of live oak mottes on watershed properties was evaluated in July 1979 at the Sonora Agricultural Research Station. Infiltration rates of undisturbed live oak mottes and those with mulch layers removed were greater than rates of adjacent grass-dominated areas. However, infiltration rates of oak mottes with mulch layer and organic layer removed exposing the mineral were similar to those of adjacent grass-dominated areas. Infiltration rates of midgrass-dominated sites were greater than those of shortgrass-dominated sites. Greatest soil loss occurred from oak motte with mineral soil exposed with little differences between other treatments. Infiltration rates and sediment production of oak mottes were most influenced by grass standing crop, mulch and organic layers, soil organic matter, and water stable aggregates. Organic matter and water stable aggregates in the oak motte were similar and significantly greater than in the adjacent grass-dominated areas. Surface soil bulk density and texture were similar for the oak mottes and grass-dominated areas. Grass standing crop was similar for the oak motte and midgrass-dominated areas but significantly greater than for shortgrass-dominated areas. Mulch accumulation was 6 times greater in oak motte than midgrass areas and 43 times greater than in shortgrass areas.
    • Soil, Vegetation, and Hydrologic Responses to Grazing Management at Fort Stanton, New Mexico

      Gamougoun, N. D.; Smith, R. P.; Wood, M. K.; Pieper, R. D. (Society for Range Management, 1984-11-01)
      The purpose of this study was to evaluate vegetation, soils, infiltration rates, and sediment production as they relate to livestock exclusion, continuous heavy grazing, continuous moderate grazing, and rotation grazing on a homogeneous plant-soil complex. The exclusion of livestock resulted in infiltration rates significantly higher than when the pastures were grazed in any system. No differences were found between heavily and moderately stocked pastures. This was attributed to organic matter additions from forbs that replaced grasses when the area was heavily grazed. The rotation treatment had infiltration rates that were lower than the exclosures or continuous grazing treatments. Sediment production from interrill erosion was similar in all treatments except when the livestock were concentrated into a fourth of the rotation system's area, which resulted in higher sediment levels.